Last Updated on January 6, 2021 by Neil Mackengie
The first small firearms appeared late in the fourteenth century and were known as hand cannons. They had copper and iron tubes (barrels) closed at the rear. Near this end (the butt) waa drilled a small “touch hole” for setting fire to the powder inside. The butt ended in a hollow socket. Into this fitted a straight, wooden stick, or stock.
The mechanism that fires a gun is called “the lock”. A forked piece of metal that pivoted to one side of the stock was added about 1425. It held a bit of smoldering wick or match. This piece could be worked back and forth to let the burning match down into the touch-hole and so fire the charge. Firearms shot way were known as “matchlocks”.
The next step (between 1475 and 1500) was to bend the stock downward. Then the user could hold it against his shoulder to take up the recoil, or kick. At the same time, he could aim along the tube or barrel at his target. This gun was called a “hackbut”.
About 1515, the whtel lock was invented. A rough-edged steel wheel was spun against a tlintlike piece of pyritcs. This produced sparks in a small pan which sat on top of the wheel. The pan was filled with powder and a small hole connected it with the inside of the barrel.
Several forms of flintlock were developed in Europe; the earliest was known as “the snaphance”. By the end of the seventeenth century, the flintlock had been improved as much as possible. It struck sparks with flint and steel like earlier guns. It was used with little change until about 1840.
In 1807, the “percussion” system was invented. There was now a small, hollow, metal tube, one end of which screwed into the barrel, while the other was a seat for an explosive capsule, or cap. When struck by the hammer, this 8ashed fire into the powder chamber.
What Are The Top 10 Guns?
1. CZ 75 SP-01 Tactical.
2. Springfield XD MOD2.
3. Colt 1911.
4. Ruger 1707 GP100.
5. Smith & Wesson M&P Shield.
6. Sig Sauer MK25 P226.
7. Gen 4 Glock 19.
8. Beretta M9.