Differences Between Ruby and Sapphire

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

Ruby is a red gemstone that has been mined for centuries. It’s often used to make jewelry and it’s considered to be the birthstone for those born in July. Sapphire, on the other hand, is a blue gemstone that was first discovered by ancient Persian traders who used it to decorate their armor. It can also be found in jewelry but is not thought of as an appropriate birthstone because it represents October instead of July.

The difference between ruby and sapphire is that ruby is a type of gemstone that has a red color, while sapphire is a type of gemstone that has a blue color. It was believed in the past that rubies were more valuable than sapphires because they are rarer, but now it’s known that this isn’t true.

Comparison between Ruby and Sapphire

Parameters of ComparisonRubySapphire  
DefinitionRuby is a precious gemstoneSapphire is a jewel
ColorRubies are redSapphires can be blue, green, or purple
Chemical compositionruby is aluminum oxidesapphire is corundum
AssociateRuby has been associated with love, passion, and romanceSapphire has been associated with wisdom, peace, and clarity
ExpensiveMore expensiveLess expensive

What is Ruby?

Ruby stones are a gemstone most often found in shades of red, pink, and purple. Ruby is the birthstone for July babies. They’re also one of the twelve Chinese zodiac signs. Rubies can be mined from a variety of locations around the world, but they’re traditionally associated with Sri Lanka because that’s where rubies first became popular as jewelry in ancient times. 

The word “ruby” comes from Latin meaning “red” or “pink.” In Sanskrit, it means “kingly stone.” The term ruby was not used to describe these precious gems until after 1717 when they were introduced into Europe by Dutch traders who brought them back from their travels. 

Ruby is a red gemstone that has been around for thousands of years. It is a very popular gemstone because it can be found in many different colors and cuts. Ruby is known as one of the four precious stones, along with amethyst, sapphire, and emerald. This makes it a valuable stone because it can be used in jewelry making or just simply admired for its beauty.

Differences Between Ruby and Sapphire

What is Sapphire?

Sapphire is a stone that has been prized since antiquity for its beauty and durability. It can be found in many colors, but blue sapphires are the most well-known and popular. In this blog post, you will learn about the history of sapphires as well as their mineral composition. 

In ancient times, people believed that wearing a sapphire would help them see into the future or protect against harm from poison, which was why it became so valuable to royalty throughout Europe and Asia. Today, one of the only ways to test if a gemstone is a natural sapphire is by examining how light reflects off of it; however, because much of today’s jewelry uses synthetic stones instead of natural ones, this is not always possible.

Differences Between Ruby and Sapphire

10 Differences Between Ruby and Sapphire

1. Ruby is a precious gemstone while Sapphire is a jewel.

2. Rubies are red, and Sapphires can be blue, green, or purple.

3. The chemical composition of the two gems differ – ruby is aluminum oxide while sapphire is corundum.

4. Rubies have been found in India since antiquity but not until 1868 were they mined from Thailand. 

5. In contrast to the rarity of rubies, sapphires are relatively common because they can be found in any country with deposits of bauxite (sapphire’s source). 

6. A third difference between these two gems has to do with their hardness- rubies rank at 9 on the Mohs scale whereas Sapphires rank at 8 on the Mohs scale.

7. Ruby is a type of gemstone and Sapphire is a type of gemstone.

8. Ruby has been associated with love, passion, and romance while Sapphire has been associated with wisdom, peace, and clarity.

9. Rubies are more expensive than Sapphires.

10. A ruby’s color can range from red to pink to violet while a sapphire’s color ranges from blue to black to white.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Ruby

1. Ruby has been around since 1995.

2. Ruby is named after the gemstone, which was in turn named for its color.

3. The first use of ruby code in a real application was for an online chat system called “Ruby Talk”.

4. There are three main types of computer programming languages – high-level (like C++), low-level (like assembly), and middle level (like Java). 

5. It’s not possible to create an infinite loop with only one line of code because computers can’t understand infinity or negative numbers.

6. The name “Ruby” comes from the word “rules,” which means red when translated from Latin to English.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Sapphire

1. Sapphire is the birthstone for September.

2. The blue color of sapphire comes from traces of iron and titanium.

3. Sapphires are graded on a scale to determine their quality, with the best being flawless or nearly flawless gems.

4. A sapphire’s value may be determined by its size, clarity, color intensity, cut quality, and carat weight.

5. Sapphires come in many colors including pink, yellowish-orange (Ceylon), green (Tsavorite), purple (Padparadscha), and black (Olivine).

6. Most natural mined sapphires are between 1/2 inch to one inch in diameter.


There are many differences between Ruby and Sapphire, but the main one is that Sapphire is a variety of Corundum while Ruby is a form of Almandine. The two minerals have different chemical compositions which result in their color variations. They also differ in hardness with sapphire being harder than ruby. Sapphires typically come from Thailand or Sri Lanka whereas rubies can be found all over the world including Myanmar, Tanzania, Kenya, India, and various other countries across Africa.–Conclusion paragraph: In conclusion, if you want to get into gemstones then it helps to know what they’re made up of so you don’t waste your time buying something that doesn’t meet your needs. Both Sapphires and Rubies have been popular since ancient times. The main difference is that if you want a gemstone that conforms to your birth month then Sapphire would probably be the best choice.


Resource 01: https://www.gempundit.com/gemstones/ruby
Resource 02: https://pk.sapphireonline.pk/

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