Mythology tells of humans who to 8y; for example, Daedalus and Icarus, who new on wings of wax and feathers. Their example has caused the death of many would-be fliers who, for hundreds of years, hurled themselves from high places with frail, home-made wings strapped to their backs.
Gradually it was realized that man would never 8y by copying the birds. new was needed. As far as we know, Roger Bacon (1214-92) was the first to suggest, “It’s possible to make Engines for flying, a man sitting in the midst thereof . . .”
In the seventeenth century, man turned his attention to lighter-than- air flights and so began the first hot-air and hydrogen balloon Bights. A big disadvantage of the balloon, however, was that the occupants were completely at the mercy of the weather and were constantly being blown oil-course. Man was still a long way from real flying.
The first heavier-than-air machine to fly was a model glider built-in 1804. It was a 994 sq. cm. kite, mounted on a rod, with a tail at the rear. John Stringfellow’s 1848 steam-powered monoplane was launched down a 9-meters-long inclined wire. It gradually climbed, after release, until stopped by a canvas screen.
The Russians claim that Alexander Mozhaisky Bew in a huge sttam- driven aircraft in 1882. In 1896, Dr. Samuel Pierpont Langley 8ew suc- cessfully, covering 925 metres, a S metre-span tandem-wing modcl.
On the l7th December, 1903, Orvillc Wright started the home-made engine of his powered aircraft and took to the air. Not much ofa 8igbt by modern standards—only thirty six metres. But it was enough to estab- lish Orville and his brother, Wilbur, as the,tirst to build and ity an aero- plane that achieved controlled and sustained flight by power.
Preston Watson is reputed to have flown successfully in 1902 in a biplane fitted with a Santos-Dumont engine, but this claim has never been officially upheld
Who Was Actually The First To Fly?
Wright Brothers were actually the first to fly.