This is certainly a strange name for a mass of water—but no other sea in the world has had such a variety of names! It was first called “dead sea” by ancient Greek writers. The Hebrews called it “the salt sea”, among other names. Arab writers called it “the What is so strange about this sea? It is really a large, narrow salt lake that lies between Jordan and Israel. It lies in a deep trough, or “rift”, which is a deep depression in this area.
The Dead Sea is about 48 miles long and ranges from 3 to 11 miles in width. Now comes the amazing part. The Dead Sea is the lowest area of water in the world. The surface of this sta is about 4O) meters below sea level. The southern part of the sea is very shallow, but in the north, the depth is about 400 meters.
There are no rivers flowing out of the Dead Sea. But into it drain the River Jordan from the north and many small streams from the surrounding slopes. There is only one way that surplus water can be carried away—by evaporation. This leaves a lark concentration of minerals, such as salt, potash, magnesium chloride, and bromine behind in the water.
The Dead Sea is the world’s salticst area of water. The water is about six times as salty as that of the ocean! There arc so many minerals concentrated in this sea, that a man swimming in it will Boat with his head and shoulders out of the water at all times! Thest minerals can be valuable to man. In fact, it is estimated that dissolved in this water are about two million tons of potash, which is used in making artificial fertilizers.
Why Is The Dead Sea So Important?
The Dead Sea is a popular international destination for the medical tourism industry. The rich concentration of minerals in its water and mud, zinc, and oxygen-rich air has been clinically proven in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin diseases, asthma, rheumatism, high blood pressure, and more.