The decision, which can only be made public as of today, meant that the teenager is granted her request when her parents disagreed about whether the remains of her should be transferred to a specialist hospital located in the United States and cryogenically preserved.
The girl’s petition may be the sole one of its kind to be considered by a judge within England and Wales as well as possibly anywhere else.
What is the essence of cryogenic preservation?
This is everything you should be aware of about the procedure.
What is Cryogenics?
Cryogenics, a different term for cryonics, is a science which studies the creation and effects of extremely low temperatures.
What is the purpose of cryogenic preservation?
Cryogenic preservation permits live cells to be kept at very low temperatures.
The legally dead are brought down to a temperature of liquid nitrogen “where physical decay essentially stops” according to the Cryonics Institute, one of only three institutions around the world offering the service, states.
Then, shortly after death, the body is chilled and then injected with different chemicals to lower the chance of blood clotting and injury on the brain.
The blood is then removed and blood vessels are then filled with a fluid called “cryoprotectant” that stops the formation of ice crystals in tissues and organs.
“Dr. Anders Sandberg, the member of the UK Cryonics Research network, spoke to BBC Radio 4 Today on Friday: “The idea is to accomplish this (cooling) fast enough that you don’t experience oxygen deprivation because that is when it starts to cause brain damage – even before death if you keep the body temperature at a normal level.
“But as has been demonstrated when people have fallen into cold lakes and nearly drowned, if you lower body temperature quite a bit then the time window grows.”
At present, cryonics isn’t legally permitted to be used on living persons.
Do you think it works?
It’s not yet possible to bring someone back to health after being preserved cryogenically.
Researchers hope that doctors in the future years will have developed methods to facilitate the process to be made.
“We are still a ways from the repair to the cell level that is needed to save someone who has been restored cryogenically by cryogenically restoring them, Dr. Sandberg stated.
“So as yet it is an experiment where the answer is going to happen relatively far in the future.”
Where is the best place to cryogenically preserve yourself?
There are only three hospitals worldwide that offer this kind of procedure. Two are within the US and one in Russia.
The 14-year-old girl of London has been preserved cryogenically by the Cryonic Institute.
Another US clinic is called that of the Alcor Life Extension Foundation and the sole organization outside of the US that can offer an option is KrioRus located in Russia.
Who has been preserved cryogenically?
This image taken from Cryonics Institute shows how many pet owners and individuals have chosen to undergo the procedure and the origins of their choice.
What’s the price?
It’s expensive. As for a teenager, the procedure cost her PS37,000 and was a sum that was borne by her grandparents.
The Cryonics Institute advertises cryopreservation packages that range from $28,000 to $35,000. Transport costs are not included.
Many people decide to cover the cost through life insurance.
Alcor provides two options, offering a total body preservation plan starting with minimum insurance of $200,000, while neuropreservation needs an initial amount of $80,000.
Are memories preserved?
One of the major issues that have been raised by a discussion about the preservation of memories using cryogenics is how memories can be preserved.
The father of the girl, who was 14 years old, was concerned that even if the treatment proves effective, she “might not remember things”.
Dr. Sandberg stated that the scientists “do not know” whether the identity of a person is maintained and said: “What we can do is to make sure the structure is preserved well enough so that future might hopefully be able to recover that makes a person.”
What Could Go Wrong
“There is absolutely no current way, no proven scientific way, to actually freeze a whole human down to that temperature without completely destroying — and I mean obliterating — the tissue,” says Shannon Tessier, a cryobiologist at Harvard University and Massachusetts General Hospital. If scientists try to freeze a piece of human tissue that is living, such as liver slices, “the tissue is completely eliminated, cells are totally destroyed. Therefore, there’s no proof that you’re saving anything and this is because the science isn’t there at the moment.”
There are species of animals that endure being frozen and frozen, such as Canadian wood frogs. However, these species have evolved to deal with the stresses of cold temperatures in ways that our bodies can’t. Tessier believes it’s hard to think of how bodies would be able to withstand the stress of being rewarmed with the help of a couple of centuries of advancements in science. “We conducted an experiment in the lab in the past. We attempted to vitrify the heart of a porcine and a complete pig heart. Of course, the technology does not allow rewarming the heart sufficiently quickly in the end, the entire heart broke in half.”
The capacity of our tissues to be able to withstand freezing and thawing temperatures is only the beginning states John Baust, a cryobiologist at Binghamton University, SUNY. When tissues are chilled, the portion that is frozen is mainly pure water. The salts, cells, and organic substances that make up our fluids are not present. The cells that remain behind suffer severe molecular stress. “There are genetic changes that occur,” Baust says Baust, “that says to the cell, ‘Die.'” The instructions for the death of cells known as apoptosis begin even before temperatures reach freezing. attained.
“For those of us who work in the area of freezing biological materials — mammalian cells, tissues, we’ve tried organs, and so forth — there’s just insurmountable problems,” Baust says. Bust.
Cryonicists such as Kowalski are aware of these critiques. Kowalski believes that, while these issues aren’t solvable for the present, they could be solved in the near future. This is a possibility that’s impossible to eliminate as if definitively showing that there are no things as unicorns. “I don’t think anyone really can deny what the future might hold,” Baust says. Bust. “I don’t have all answers. However, I think that being skeptical is completely acceptable.”
‘Nothing to Lose’
Beyond debates on what’s feasible or could be likely in the near future, there’s an additional question: in the event that you were to be returned and be brought back, would you really wish to? In the end, you’d be trapped in a bizarre world, far from everything that made your existence worthwhile in the first place.
Anders Sandberg, a philosopher at the Oxford University’s Future of Humanity Institute, describes the possibility for revival as having the status of “a temporal refugee — you can’t survive in the present, your only chance is to kind of exile in a foreign land.” However, for Sandberg the advocate of cryonics, who each day wears a medallion engraved with his cryonic directives, “Life is worth living. I truly enjoy living my life. If that’s real, I’ll keep trying to live. However, it’s risky.”
“You aren’t risking anything and everything to gain. In addition to some insurance funds. For me, it’s worth it. It provides peace of mind” Kowalski says. Kowalski has registered for cryonic preservation with his family, including his sons and wife. “Even even if it doesn’t work it’s still progressing research, trying to figure out what’s not working. And if it actually works I’m sure we’ve just discovered an answer to death, at least for a short time.”