When we try to learn of the accomplishments of ancient man, we usually have to search or dig for evidence. 8ut there is a case where ancient man has left all the evidence standing in a huge structure, and we still cannot understand what it is, what it was used for, and who built it!
This is Stonehenge. It consists of large, standing stones in a circular setting surrounded by an earthwork, and located near Salisbury, England. As long ago as the year 1136, it was written that the stones were magically transported from Ireland by Merlin. Of course, this was only a legend. More recently. it was believed that Stonehenge was put up by the Druids, who were priests in ancient Britain But there is actually no reason to believe that this is so.
Stonehenge has a somewhat complicated structure. On the outside is a circular ditch, with en entrance gap• Then thete is a bank of earth. Inside the bank is a ring of 56 pits. Between these and the stones ia the centre, are two more rings of pits.
The stone settingconaistsoftwocircles aadtwo horseshoes ofupright stones. Thra there are separate stom which have been givea names, such as the. Altar stone, the Slaughter stone, two Station stones, and the Hele stone.
In most of the holes that have been excavated, cremated human bones have been found. By studying the pottery and objects found, and by making radioactive-carbon tests, it has been estimated that parts of Stonehenge date back to about 1848 B.C., and possibly 275 years earlier or later than this date.
Part of Stonehenge is aligned so that the rising sun in midsummer is sean at a certain point, but nobody is sure if this was intentional. So this huge and remarkable strumurc, which maybe 4,000 years old, still remains a fascinating mystery!
Can You Just Walk Up To Stonehenge?
During normal opening hours, you cannot walk up to the stones themselves. The nearest you will get to the stones is about 10 yards, the monument being roped off by a low barrier, However it is possible to walk up to and among the stones at Stonehenge outside public opening hours.