Every tooth has the same two parts; a root, or roots, to anchor it in the jawbone, and a crown, the part that can be seen in the mouth. There are four different materials in a tooth. The “enamel” is hard and shiny and covers the crown. The “cementum” is a bonelike material that covers the root. The “dentine” is an ivory-like material that forms the body of the tooth.
The “dental pulp” is in a hollow space called “the pulp chamber” inside the tooth. The dental pulp is made up of tissue that contains nerves, arteries, and veins. These enter the tooth through an opening at or near the root end.
Lack of calcium or Vitamin D in the diet will result in poor enamel, which will encourage early decay. The process of dental decay is also aggravated by the collection of sugary or starchy foods around the teeth, especially during the night. As they decompose in the mouth, these foods produce acids that will act on the calcium of the teeth and make them soluble, causing the teeth to soften, and thus allow bacteria to attack them.
Why Do Teeth Sometimes Grow “Crooked”?
The reason varies with each person, but scientists say that the way the jaws have developed in modern man can cause this problem. It seems that man’s jaws today do not always provide enough room for his teeth. So they appear in a crooked position or become shifted during the period of growth.
If this happens to a tooth in the lower jaw, the opposing tooth in the upper jaw also becomes crooked in position. This sometimes causes teeth to stick out, or pushes the lips out, or makes the chin recede, and spoils the appearance of the mouth.
Do Teeth Grow After 18?
Most jaws are done growing by the time a person is 18 years old, but most wisdom teeth emerge when a person is around 19.5 years old.