What comes to your mind when you think of a scientist? You think of someone who studies something in the world or about man, who makes observations and conducts experiments, and then who comes up with certain principles or rules. But before the seventeenth century, if men wanted to solve a problem or understand something, they simply read what had been written about it, or asked some authority for his opinion.
Soon after the year 1600, Galileo started a new method. He started trying things out to see what happened. In other words. he “experimented”. Little by little, more people began trying things out and writing down what they had observed. As more facts became known, it was found that some of the facts were related to one another. These relationships were then summarized into scientific principles and used as guides for other experiments.
In this way the body of knowledge called science began to grow rapidly. As it grew, the natural relationships between facts broke up the large field of science into smaller divisions. Today, there are many different divisions in science.
The “natural sciences” deal with our natural surroundings. The“social sciences” are subjects that give information about the way humans act and live together. All of these sciences are basic, or pure, sciences. They are concerned with facts and principles. In the “applied” sciences, these facts and are applied to doing and making things. Pharmacy, forestry, electronics, and engineering are examples of applied sciences.
Who Is Father Of Science?
Galileo Galilei—The Father of Science.