Differences between Gilgamesh vs Genesis

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

Comparisons between ancient stories and religious texts are not uncommon. Many people use these texts as a way to explore the human experience. Gilgamesh and Genesis are two such works that have been the subject of many comparisons. Though they share some similarities, there are also significant differences between the two narratives. In this blog post, we will explore some of those similarities and differences.

It is interesting to compare and contrast the tales of Gilgamesh and Genesis. Both are ancient stories, with Gilgamesh dating back to around 1800 BCE and Genesis originating in the 10th century BCE. While there are some similarities between the two, there are also many differences. In this blog post, we will explore some of these similarities and differences.

When two pieces of literature are analyzed side-by-side, similarities and differences between the two often come to light. Such is the case with Gilgamesh, an ancient epic poem, and Genesis, the first book of the Bible. Though they were written thousands of years apart, both texts tell stories that reflect the cultures from which they emerged. In this blog post, we will explore some of the most intriguing similarities and differences between these two pieces of epic literature.

Comparison between Gilgamesh and Genesis

Parameters of ComparisonGilgameshGenesis
BookEpic poemFirst book
CreateGilgamesh, there are no gods mentionedGod creates humans in his image and gives them dominion over Earth
KingGilgamesh is a kingGenesis is the first book in the Bible.
CreationGilgamesh, Enkidu was created by a god and a mortal womanIn Genesis, God creates all living things
BattleGilgamesh has to battle Humbaba that lives near Cedar Mountain for immortalityGorgons who live beyond Oceanus before returning home. 

What is Gilgamesh?

Gilgamesh is an ancient poem from Mesopotamia that tells the story of a king who quests for immortality. The work is often cited as one of the earliest pieces of literature in history. Scholars still debate its origins and authorship, but the tale remains a popular favorite today.

Gilgamesh is the hero of an ancient Mesopotamian epic poem. It tells of his great adventures, which are mostly about searching for immortality. The poem was written in the form of a narrative text that has been passed down through many generations and translated into different languages throughout time. 

The Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the earliest known works in human history, containing much information on Mesopotamia’s culture and society. It also contains stories about natural disasters such as floods, earthquakes, mountains coming to life and moving around, seas boiling over their shores, or turning into poison—all sorts of events that people feared might happen again at any moment.

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What is Genesis?

Genesis is a book in the Bible that tells the story of God’s creation of the world. It starts at Creation and ends with Joseph, who was sold into slavery by his brothers. The Hebrew name for this book means “origin” or “beginnings,” which reflects its focus on how everything started and how we got here.  Genesis contains some of the most well-known stories from the Bible, such as Adam and Eve in Eden, Noah’s Ark, Sodom and Gomorrah, Tower of Babel, Jacob wrestling with an angel to win Rachel’s hand in marriage, Moses’ life story—and so much more.

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10 Differences between Gilgamesh and Genesis

1. Gilgamesh is an epic poem that was written by a poet, whereas Genesis is the first book of the Bible.

2. The story of Gilgamesh contains elements from other cultures and religions, such as Greek and Sumerian mythology; however, it does not mention God or Christianity at all.

3. In Genesis, God creates humans in his image and gives them dominion over Earth; meanwhile, in Gilgamesh, there are no gods mentioned.

4. The main character of Gilgamesh is a king named Urukagina who defeats the goddess Ishtar for control over his city-state; meanwhile, Adam and Eve’s disobedience to God leads to their expulsion from Eden.

5. There are many similarities between these two stories – both involve characters taking on challenges that lead to great personal change.

6. However they also have significant differences – for example, Gilgamesh doesn’t mention any women while Genesis has only female characters (Eve).

7. Gilgamesh is a king while Genesis is the first book in the Bible.

8. In Genesis, God creates all living things while in Gilgamesh, Enkidu was created by a god and a mortal woman.

9. The flood of Noah’s time was sent because people were evil and destroying Earth while Utnapishtim built an ark to save his family from the gods’ wrath.

10. Gilgamesh has to battle Humbaba that lives near Cedar Mountain for immortality; he also battles Gorgons who live beyond Oceanus before returning home. 

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Gilgamesh

1. Gilgamesh is the oldest epic poem and one of the most important pieces of literature in history.

2. The story revolves around a man who was two-thirds god and one-third human, and his journey to find immortality.

3. He goes on an adventure with his best friend Enkidu, who dies later in the story because he can’t handle living without Gilgamesh.

4. This leads to Gilgamesh’s quest for immortality that ends when he learns that even gods cannot escape death.

5. In this day and age, we still learn from this ancient text about how to live life well.

6. It teaches us about love, friendship, loss, and mortality.

7. Gilgamesh is one of the oldest written stories we have.

8. It was originally written on clay tablets.

9. The first English translation was published in 1872 and it had a very Victorian style to it.

10. It’s been translated into many languages, including French, German, Russian, Arabic, Greek, Armenian, and Urdu.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Genesis

1. In the first chapter of Genesis, God creates light and separates it from darkness.

2. The name “Genesis” means “origin” or “beginnings” in Greek.

3. The Bible contains 39 books attributed to Moses, but scholars believe that he only wrote 5-6 of them.

4. There are parallels between the story of Adam and Eve with other ancient myths like Gilgamesh.

5. According to Jewish tradition, there is the 6th day before all days which was created for rest on Sabbath (Saturday).

6. It’s believed that the original text was written in Hebrew vernacular rather than classical Biblical Hebrew.


What is the difference between Gilgamesh and Genesis? The two stories are both ancient, but they have many differences. One key takeaway from this blog post is that while there are similarities in their narratives, it’s important to remember that these differences may be due to different cultural contexts. While one story relies on oral tradition with no written records of its origins, the other was written down by a scribe who lived over 2000 years ago. That said, if you want more information about either or both of these tales then we recommend checking out some additional resources online! We hope you enjoyed reading our take on the comparison between Gilgamesh and Genesis. Let us know what your thoughts were in the comments below.


Resource 01: https://www.worldhistory.org/gilgamesh/
Resource 02: https://www.genesis.com/us/en/genesis.html

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