Storms are given many different depending on their nature and where they take place. But all storms are alike in that a storm is simply air that is moving rapidly from one place to another. If it is air alone, it is called a “windstorm”. If it has picked up dust along the way, it is called a “dust storm”. Most storms, however, include water in some form. Water may come with a storm as rain. The most violent and dangerous storms of all are hurricanes and tornadoes.
Hurricanes are storms that start in the Tropics. They strike the United States for example, mainly in the Gulf of Mexico area and also all along the eastern coast. Now a strange thing is that exactly the same kind of storm, when it takes place in the East Indies and the China Sea, is called a “typhoon”. A general name for both is “tropical storms”.
In a hurricane, the storm area is usually from 100 to 400 in diameter, and winds around the hurricane may reach speeds of 75 to 125 miles per hour. A special feature of the hurricane is the calm, central part of the storm, which is called the “eye” of the storm. This eye is about 5 to 15 miles in diameter. As it moves over an area, the winds become almost calm. This sometimes leads people to believe that the storm is over. However, after the eye passes, the winds begin to blow with equal violence from the opposite direction, since a hurricane is a circular storm. The winds move in a kind of circle as the storm itself moves.
Another type of circular storm is the tornado, but it is different from a hurricane because it is usually only up to about 1,500 meters in diameter. Tornadoes are formed most often in the ceEtriI1 Mississippi Valley of the United States. A tornado begins as a black, funnel-shaped cloud in a larger thunderstorm area. The path of a tornado may only a few kilometers long and a few hundred meters wide—but it can destroy everything in its path.
Do Tornadoes Have Eyes?
There is no “eye” to a tornado-like there is in a hurricane. This is fiction largely caused by the movie Twister.