When you think about the Government, you usually have in mind the politicians, who sit in the House of Commons and some of whom are heads of Departments of State. But behind these prominent statesmen is an army of men and women without whose support the whole administrative structure of the country would grind to a halt!
In Whitehall, and in offices all over the country, Civil Servants of many grades act their part in the machinery of government. In ancient times, soldiers were almost the only people who served the state or government. Often the “government” was merely the monarch, who delegated certain powers to a privileged few. But as the number of people in government increased, certain jobs had to be done by specially trained people. Government employees not in military service came to be called “civil servant employees”.
Entry into the Civil Service is almost entirely by competitive examination, and vacancies are regularly advertised in national and local newspapers. It may surprise you to know that the postman, the attendants at the National Gallery, officers in Customs and Excise, prison warders, receivers in bankruptcy, keepers of Records, examiners of patents, public inspectors of factories and mines and quarries, and the Prime Minister’s private secretaries are all servants of the vast body called Civil Service! And it is obvious that as the Civil Service grows, so does its power.
Who Introduced The System Of Civil Services?
Charles Cornwallis introduced the system of civil services.