Man can obtain gas from places where nature has stored it away, or he can manufacture it. Here is an illustration of how a man can make gas. If a clay pipe is filled with powdered coal, covered with clay, and then heated in a hot fire, smoke will come from the end of the pipe stem. Soon the smoke stops.
If a flame is held to the stem, the gas coming out will burn brightly and steadily. Magnified thousands of times, this little experiment shows the process of making coal gas.
In 1792, a Scottish engineer called William Murdock was the first to use manufactured gas. He purified the gas that escaped from burning coal and piped it off to use for lighting his home. Several years later, he used it to light a factory in Birmingham.
In the United States, manufactured gas was used for lighting before natural gas. In 1812, David Melville of Newport, Rhode Island, lit his home and the street in front with gas that he made from burning coal. In 1816, Baltimore, Maryland, lighted its streets with manufactured gas. Natural gas was first used at Fredonia, New York, in 1821.
Today, more natural gas is used than manufactured gas. This is because of the discovery of new gas fields, the development of new uses for gas, and the new kinds of pipelines that make it possible to link distant gas fields to large cities.
When Was Gas First Used In WW1?
22 April 1915 during the Battle of Second Ypres.