Differences Between Buddhism and Judaism

Last Updated on December 12, 2021 by QCity Editorial Stuff

Buddhism and Judaism are two of the oldest religions in existence. They both have a rich history, but they also differ greatly on several points. This blog post will compare the two religions by looking at their scriptures, beliefs, practices, and rituals to see how these differences manifest themselves into different religious traditions. 

Different people choose Buddhism or Judaism for many different reasons; this article aims to show what those reasons may be through an exploration of these two religions’ similarities and differences. It is important to note that this article does not intend to argue which religion is better than the other because each individual has his or her own opinion on whether one religion is better than another. However, it does aim to provide readers with information about these two major religions to help them make an informed decision about which religion may be a better fit for them.

The Buddhist and Jewish religions have many similarities, but there are also some key differences. Buddhism does not believe in a God or a Supreme Being, whereas Judaism is strictly monotheistic. The main difference between the two religions can be seen in their views on life after death; Buddhists tend to believe that reincarnation is possible as long as you follow the Eightfold Path of Enlightenment while Jews believe that people go either to heaven or hell depending on how they lived their lives. These are just some of the few differences between these two faiths.

Comparison between Buddhism and Judaism

Parameters of ComparisonBuddhismJudaism
ReligionBuddhism is a religionJudaism is a culture
Karma Buddhists have the law of karmaJews do not
RebirthBuddhists believe in reincarnation and rebirthJews don’t
RoyaltyThe Buddha was born into royaltyMoses was born as an ordinary man
WheelThe Buddhist Wheel of Life is based on the idea that everything changes and nothing lasts foreverJewish Wheel of Life depicts a world with an eternal cycle of life

What is Buddhism?

Buddhism is a religion that has been around for over 2,500 years. Its origins can be found in the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama who was born 2600 years ago and became the Buddha (or “The Enlightened One”). The official name of Buddhism is Theravada or “Doctrine of the Elders.” Its primary goal is to end suffering and promote enlightenment by following eight principles: right understanding, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort (energy), mindfulness, and concentration.

It’s a religion, philosophy, and way of life. The word “Buddha” means “awakened one”. Buddhists believe that we’re all capable of awakening to the truth within us. We can do this by following the Noble Eightfold Path: right understanding, right intention, right speech, right action, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. There are three jewels in Buddhism: Buddha (the awakened one), Dharma (teaching), and Sangha (community). 

Differences Between Buddhism and Judaism

What is Judaism?

Judaism is a religion that has been practiced for thousands of years. It started as a monotheistic religion, but now it’s more diverse. Jews are split into two major groups: Orthodox and Reform Judaism. There are many other sects within Judaism too, which include Karaites, Samaritans, Strictly Orthodox Jews (Haredim), Liberal Jews (Masorti), Secular Jews (Bnai Mitzvah), and Reconstructionist Jews. This blog post will focus on the history of the different sects of Judaism and their beliefs. 

Judaism is a religion with roots in the Jewish culture. It’s often described as being an ethnic group, a culture, and a nationality. In the Hebrew Bible, Jews are referred to as “God’s chosen people.” Judaism teaches that God is one and has no equal or partner. 

The most important text in Judaism is the Torah which includes all five books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. These texts contain narratives about Israelites making their way from slavery to freedom for 40 years in ancient Egypt under Moses’ leadership; laws on how to worship God; dietary rules; civil law such as property rights and slave ownership; moral codes such as those related to sexual conduct; stories of heroes like ee Abraham, David and Joseph; and prophets like Jeremiah.

Differences Between Buddhism and Judaism


10 Differences Between Buddhism and Judaism

1. Buddhism is a religion, while Judaism is a culture.

2. Buddhists have the law of karma, while Jews do not.

3. Buddhists believe in reincarnation and rebirth, while Jews don’t.

4. The Buddha was born into royalty, whereas Moses was born as an ordinary man.

5. Buddhist monks shave their heads and wear robes with shawls around their shoulders to show they are renouncing worldly things like clothes; Jewish priests wear long black garments with white shirts underneath to symbolize purity.

6. In Buddhism four noble truths teach people how to end suffering; in Judaism, there is only one truth – God’s existence.

7. Buddhists believe in reincarnation, while Jews don’t.

8. The Buddhist Wheel of Life is based on the idea that everything changes and nothing lasts forever, while the Jewish Wheel of Life depicts a world with an eternal cycle of life.

9. Buddhism teaches that suffering is caused by desires and attachments to things that are impermanent, but Judaism believes suffering comes from sinning against God’s law or being punished for one’s sins.

10. Buddhists have monasteries where monks live together to practice meditation and self-reflection, whereas Jews do not have any religious orders. 

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Buddhism

1. The Buddha was born in Northern India.

2. Buddhism is the fourth largest religion in the world.

3. There are over 500 million Buddhists living today.

4. Buddhism can be traced back to a man named Siddhartha Gautama, who lived from 563 BC – 483 BC.

5. It is believed that the Buddha achieved enlightenment at age 35.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Judaism

1. Judaism is the oldest of the Abrahamic faiths.

2. Judaism is a religion that has no single founder but rather was passed down from generation to generation.

3. The Jewish people are one of the few ethnicities with an ancestral homeland, Israel.

4. Jews have been persecuted for centuries – in ancient times by Romans and Greeks, in medieval times by Christians and Muslims, and today by Arab nationalists who deny them their right to self-determination.

5. There are many different denominations within Judaism including Orthodoxy, Reform Judaism, Conservative Judaism.

6. Hebrew is not only a language but also an alphabet used to write Yiddish as well as Ladino (a Judeo-Spanish dialect).


The history of Buddhism and Judaism offers a lot to learn from as they both have had vast impacts on their respective cultures. The two religions are alike in many ways but differ in some areas due to the geographical location (India vs the Middle East) and the period they were created. Despite these differences, we all need to understand how people think about religion so we can be more tolerant towards one another no matter what faith or culture we subscribe to. Here is an overview of the similarities between the two faiths: They believe that there is only one God; their holy scriptures are written by prophets who received divine revelation; followers should obey moral rules set forth by scripture; Jews pray three times per day while Buddhists meditate ee; both religions are based on teachings of self-discipline and compassion for others.


Resource 01: https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/buddhism/
Resource 02: https://www.history.com/topics/religion/judaism#:~:text

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