Last Updated on August 1, 2021 by Neil Mackengie
In trying to learn how man developed, scientists study whatever remains of a prehistoric man they can find. These include tools, cooking utensils, skeletons, and parts of the body. In 1856, the remains of men were dug from a limestone cave in the Neander Gorge in Germany. These were the first complete skeletons ever found of prehistoric men, and this was because these people buried their dead.
Neanderthal people probably lived for about 70,000 years in central Asia, the Middle East, and many parts of Europe. This was in a period of about 150,000 to 30,000 years ago.
What was a Neanderthal man like? He was heavy and stocky. His skull was flat. His face was long with a heavy jaw. He did not have much chin or forehead. Probably the earliest Neanderthal people lived when the climate was warm, between glacial periods. But then another ice age came and they began to live in caves and learned how to fight the cold.
There are many hearths in the eaves that have been found which show that these people used fire to keep warm and protect themselves. They also may have cooked their meat.
Neanderthal man not only had hand axes but he also had “flake” tools. These are tools that were made of broad, thin flakes of flint with a good, sharp edge. Some of the flake tools were points in the shape of rough triangles.
They probably served as knives for skinning and cutting up animals. Neanderthal hunters may also have used pointed wooden spears.
Now here is one very curious thing about Neanderthal man: he had a larger brain than modern man has!
What Blood Type Was Neanderthal?
When scientists tested whether Neanderthals had the O blood group they found that two Neanderthal specimens from Spain probably had the O blood type, though there is the possibility that they were OA or OB (Lalueza-Fox et al).
For years, experts have debated how many people lived before the modern era. More recent research has found that modern humans are not the only species on Earth. Long ago, in the ancient past, Neanderthals roamed the earth, and archaeologists have recently discovered a Neanderthal skull in a cave in Belgium. Many people think those ancient humans were more primitive than modern humans, but a recent study suggests Neanderthals had complex social structures and could have even spoken languages. Who discovered Neanderthal man?
Neanderthals are a long-extinct species of humans from Europe and Central Asia who lived between about 250,000 and 30,000 years ago. They were different from modern humans in several respects, including their diet. They were hunter-gatherers who used stone tools fairly widely, but they also used fire. Their diet consisted of meat, fish, and some vegetables.
Neanderthals were masters of the hunt, and their diet was varied, but not completely tailored to what they hunted. They ate a wide variety of foods including meat and fish, and a few other ingredients such as fruits, nuts, and seeds. The evidence suggests that the Neanderthals also ate a lot of plants, including tubers, roots, and berries. They also ate other animals, including those that were hunted, but was still a mystery what exactly they ate.
The oldest known tools on the planet are those from the Hohlenstein Stadel (Die Hohlenstein-Stadel) caves, which date back some 280,000 years. These tools were discovered in the 1880s in the Neander Valley of Germany (near the town of Dolní Věstonice in the Czech Republic). The tools were made of stone and animal bones and finely carved as well, both by the Neanderthals and deliberately by human scavengers.