“Zoo” is short for “zoological garden”. And a zoological garden is a place where living animals are kept and exhibited.
Why Do We Keep Wild Animals In Zoos?
The most important reason is that everyone is interested in animals. Another reason is that scientists are able to learn many important things by studying living animals. The first zoo we know anything about was started as long ago as 1150 B.C. by a Chinese emperor, and it had many kinds of deer, birds, and fish in it. Even though it was somewhat like our modern zoos, there was one big catch to it. It probably was not open to the public but was kept for the amusement of the emperor and court.
Since it costs a great deal of money to put together a zoo and maintain it, zoos in ancient times were assembled and owned by kings and rich lords. Many of them had collections of rare birds, fish, and animals of all kinds.
The first public zoological garden in the world was opened in Paris in 1793. This was the famous Jardin des Plantes. In it were animals, a museum, and a botanical garden.
The next big zoological garden to be opened was in 1829 in Regent’s Park in London. Then came the Zoological Ciarden of Berlin, which was begun in 1844 and became one of the tinest and best in the world.
In this country, we have many z‹›os. At Whipsnade Zoo, in Bedford- shire, animals from all parts of the world thrive, free to roam, in the surrounding countryside, fenced-in only for safety’s sake. Other popular zoos are round at Bristol and Edinburgh.
How Long Have Zoos Existed?
Zoos have a history of around 4500 years.