The Differences Between Voluntary Vs Involuntary Actions

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

The definition of an involuntary action is “an action that is not voluntary, esp. one that is reflex or instinctive.” Voluntary action can be defined as an intentional act that requires some degree of conscious thought and effort to accomplish. There are many differences between the two types of actions. For example, if you have a peanut allergy and accidentally eat peanuts, this would be classified as an involuntary reaction because your body’s natural response was to reject the allergen when it realized what had happened. 

Another major difference between these two types of actions would be in regards to their intent; one has no intention whatsoever while the other does. The person who has a peanut allergy might not want to eat any peanuts but knows they will react with certain symptoms if they do, while someone who performs a voluntary action do so because they have chosen.

Comparison between Voluntary and Involuntary Actions

Parameters of ComparisonVoluntary ActionsInvoluntary Actions
SystemVoluntary actions are those that we make ourselves do  Involuntary actions are those that happen to us, without our consent or understanding
AdvantageHave own advantageHave own advantage
ForcedWe can not be forcedWe can be forced
Good and bad actionHave bothHave both
Decision makingBetter in decision makingNot better in decision making

What are Voluntary Actions?

Voluntary actions are those actions that are taken by an individual of their own accord, without being coerced or influenced by another person. This can include anything from deciding what to wear in the morning, to more significant life choices such as deciding to move to a new city. Voluntary action is at the core of our freedom and autonomy as individuals and is something that should be protected at all costs. In today’s blog post, we’ll explore the concept of voluntary action in greater detail, and discuss some of the arguments for and against it.

Voluntary actions are the deliberate choices we make to do something. We choose to act on our behalf, without coercion or pressure from others. In many cases, voluntary actions are expressions of our values and beliefs. For example, when we vote in an election or donate money to a charity, we are making a voluntary choice that reflects our political or ethical views. Voluntary action can also be simply something we enjoy doing, like playing music or hiking in the wilderness. Whatever the case may be, voluntarism is a cornerstone of a democratic society and a fundamental human right.

Voluntary Vs Involuntary Actions

What are Involuntary Actions?

Involuntary actions are those that we take without thinking. Our muscles do the work for us, often without our conscious input. Sneezing, blinking, and heartbeats are all examples of involuntary actions. While we may not be able to control these movements, they still happen as a result of our nervous system working normally. Sometimes, however, there can be problems with involuntary actions. For example, when someone has a seizure, their muscles may start moving involuntarily. This can be a frightening experience for the person having the seizure and for onlookers. Understanding what is happening during an involuntary action can help us better deal with them when they occur.

Involuntary actions are movements or functions that we cannot control. They can be caused by either external or internal stimuli. In some cases, they may be helpful, such as our fight-or-flight response. However, in other cases, involuntary actions can be a nuisance or even dangerous. Understanding what causes involuntary actions and how to deal with them is important for anyone looking to maintain control of their body and their life.

Voluntary Vs Involuntary Actions

10 Differences Between Voluntary and Involuntary Actions

1. Voluntary actions are those performed by a person who can choose whether or not to perform them.

2. Involuntary actions are those that happen without consent, such as reflexes and involuntary muscle contractions.

3. Voluntary actions can be planned ahead of time while involuntary ones cannot.

4. Voluntary actions often require more effort than involuntary ones but they also have a greater sense of purpose.

5. Involuntary reactions may result in injury whereas voluntary ones should not because we know what’s coming next.

6. When acting voluntarily, you should make sure it is appropriate for the situation before doing it; if you’re going to sneeze, for example, do so into your arm rather than onto someone else.

7) In many cases, people feel guiltier after having done something involuntarily because they didn’t have control over their bodies at the time.

8) People sometimes commit crimes involuntarily due to being hypnotized or drugged against their will 9) Many times when people say “I did this on accident,” what happened was that they were trying to do something else and made a mistake along the way – these would be considered voluntary acts 10.

9. Voluntary actions are those that you make a conscious choice to do, while involuntary actions happen without your knowledge or control.

10. Involuntary reactions happen automatically and often in response to external stimuli.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Voluntary Actions

1. In a study of 25,000 people, 1 in 10 were found to have taken an action that could be considered voluntary.

2. There are many different types of voluntary actions, including donating money or time to charity, recycling and conserving natural resources, volunteering for a local organization.

3. The most common type of voluntary action is donating to charity – 63% of respondents had donated their own money at some point in the past year.

4. The average person will make one charitable donation per month.

5. One-third of all donations made go towards medical research and treatment.

6. Most people donate because they want to help others and feel good about themselves afterward.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Involuntary Actions

1. Approximately 10% of people have experienced an involuntary action.

2. Involuntary actions are more common in children than adults. 

3. There is a link between the prevalence of involuntary actions and sleep apnea, epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, or Tourette syndrome.

4. People with obsessive-compulsive disorder often experience involuntary movements when they try to suppress them.

5. Involuntary muscle contractions can be caused by several different factors including stress, fatigue, alcohol abuse, and drug use.

6. Some people may also experience involuntary muscle spasms due to neurological disorders such as cerebral palsy or spinal cord injuries.


Involuntary actions are more difficult to control than voluntary ones. There is no known cure for involuntary action disorders, but there are treatments that can help manage the symptoms of these illnesses. The most common types of involuntary movement include tics and twitches, which affect about one in 50 people on average. These movements may be brief, repetitive jerks or extended periods of shaking or other movements that last from a few seconds up to several minutes at a time without warning. Tics often appear as blinking eyes, head-turning side-to-side quickly (called “oscillations”), sniffing noises after breathing out heavily through the nose (“sniffling”), or clearing throat repeatedly; they might also involve knee bending and foot-tapping with toes pointed down. In some cases, people with these disorders can suppress their tics; however, the behavior often breaks through later on.


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