Differences Between Spanish And Catalan

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

Catalan and Spanish are two languages that come from the same family: Romance. The biggest difference between the two is in their origins, while Catalan comes from Latin roots, Spanish has Greek and Basque influences. This makes it easier to see why there are some minor differences in the words used by both languages such as “llana” (meaning flat) for Spanish vs. “plan” for Catalan. Also, because of this ancient influence on each language family, they share many similarities such as similar syntax structures and vocabulary; however, there are also many distinct differences between them. Overall these two languages have a lot more similarities than differences with one another which makes learning either one an enjoyable experience.

Spanish and Catalan are two languages that may sound similar to one another, but there are many differences between the two. The following is a list of just five of these differences. 

Language/dialect origins – Spanish was developed from Latin whereas Catalan has roots in both Latin and Germanic languages. 2. Vocabulary – There are around 8,000 words that have different meanings in Spanish and Catalan! 3. Grammar – In general, Spanish grammar is more complex than its Catalonian counterpart while being simpler at the same time when learning to speak it fluently 4. Alphabet – While both use the Latin alphabet system for writing down their respective tongues; they use completely different characters with different sounds 5. Spelling/Pronunciations – While both are phonetic languages, there are many different pronunciation rules between the two.

Comparison Between Spanish And Catalan

Parameters of ComparisonSpanishCatalan
Region Barcelona Central Catalan
Accent mark No written accent mark Have accent mark 
Naya If you were to say my name aloud in Spanish, it would be pronounced as “Naya”,if you said it aloud in Catalan, it would be pronounced as “Naia”
Vowels 8 vowels 7 vowels 
Language Spanish is a Romance languageCatalan is a Germanic language

What Is Spanish?

What Is Spanish

The Spanish language is a Romance language. It has been spoken in Spain and Latin America for centuries, as well as colonies in the United States, such as California. The Spanish alphabet has 27 letters with five vowels and two accents. There are also many dialects of Spanish that vary from country to country. 

The most popular form of the language is Castilian, which is considered standard Spanish because it was used by Christopher Columbus when he first landed on Hispaniola Island (now known as Haiti) during his second voyage to the New World. This version includes many words derived from Arabic after Muslims conquered Iberia in 711 AD. Nowadays, there are about 500 million people who speak this version of the language worldwide.

What Is Catalan?

What Is Catalan

Catalan is a Romance language that is spoken in parts of the eastern region of Spain and southern France. It is one of the most spoken languages in Europe with more than 10 million speakers. The Catalan people are skilled artisans, artists, architects, and scientists who have left their mark on history through some incredible pieces like “The Lady of Elx” or architecture like Gaudí’s Sagrada Familia.  If you want to learn about this fascinating culture then read on.

It’s spoken in the northeastern region of Spain, Catalonia. Catalan is also known as Valencian or Occitan and has been recognized by UNESCO for its cultural importance. 

The word “Catalonia” comes from the ancient Latin name “Cataplus”, meaning ‘the land beyond’. This was what the Romans called their province on the Iberian Peninsula that included both Catalonia and Valencia. The Catalan people speak this language that is part of Western Europe’s Romance languages family. It can be traced back to Vulgar Latin, which evolved into Old Catalan during the 9th century CE when it became one of the first written languages in medieval Europe along with French, Italian, Portuguese, and Occitan.

6 Differences Between Spanish And Catalan

Region: The most common type is called Central Catalan, which is spoken in the region of Catalonia and Valencia.

Accent Mark: Spanish has no written accent marks while Catalan does. 

Letter: In Spanish, the letter “ñ” is pronounced like an English “nya” sound but in Catalan, it’s more like a cross between “nyah” and “nuh-ya”. 

Naya: If you were to say my name aloud in Spanish, it would be pronounced as “Naya”, whereas if you said it aloud in Catalan, it would be pronounced as “Naia”. 

Vowels: Unlike most Romance languages, there are only 7 vowels used throughout all forms of Catalan – A E I O U Y (Spanish uses 8).

Language: Spanish is a Romance language and Catalan is a Germanic language.

Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Spanish

1. The Spanish language is the second most spoken language in the world. 

2. There are over 500 million people who speak Spanish as their first or second language.

3. In Spain, there are more than 40 million people that use Spanish as their primary dialect.

4. Mexico has one of the largest populations of Spanish speakers in North America with around 12% of its population speaking it natively.

5. Spain’s official languages are Castilian and Catalan, but everyone speaks both at least a little bit. 

6. A lot of countries have some form of Latin roots because they were colonized by either France or Spain.

Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Catalan

1. Catalan is the second most spoken language in Spain.

2. There are more than 10 million people who speak the Catalan Language.

3. The first written records of Catalan date back to the 12th century.

4. Catalonia has its regional government, which was established in 1980. 

5. Barcelona is one of the largest cities in Europe with 1,622,000 inhabitants.

6. Barcelona hosted the Olympic games twice – once for summer games and once for winter games.

Conclusion About The Differences Between Spanish And Catalan

The differences between Spanish and Catalan are vast. Some of these include grammar, vocabulary, pronunciation, and sentence structure. These differences will be less pronounced for those who already know one language well enough to understand a second–but it’s important to learn about them before you start learning either dialect as a first language! I hope this article was informative and helps your understanding of both languages going forward. If you want more information on any specific topic or would like help with choosing which is better suited for you in terms of culture or economy then please don’t hesitate to reach out. We’re here 24/7 ready to answer all questions related to international business strategy from an expert point-of-view that knows what they’re.


Resource 01: https://www.rosettastone.com/languages/spanish-words/
Resource 02: https://www.catalannews.com/

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