Differences Between Plato And Aristotle

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

Plato is considered frequently to be the predecessor of Aristotle, who was his teacher. They are considered to be the founders of Western philosophy. Plato argued that virtues are innate in humans while Aristotle argued that they are acquired through practice.

The central concept in Plato’s philosophy is idealism which means people should live according to their inner divine nature. Aristotle, on the other hand, focused on physical reality and founded the science of logic and ethics.

Plato was born in Athens in 428 BC and he studied under Socrates during his early years. He then went on to found a school called Academy which became very popular with many notable philosophers including Pythagoras, Xenophon, Socrates’ students Plato’s students Antisthenes and Aristippus later joined his school as well. He traveled around different.

Plato’s theory on the form of the world was that it had to be perfect, whereas Aristotle’s theory on the forms of the world was that it has to be perfectible. The two philosophers were also opposed in their views on man being made in God’s image, with Plato believing it to be true, and Aristotle believing it to be false.

The two philosophers also differed in their views concerning knowledge and skepticism, with Plato holding a more spiritual view of knowledge while Aristotle holding a more empirical view.

Plato thought that the human soul was the most important thing in life, while Aristotle believed that humans are born with a fixed amount of happiness.

Plato thought that the human soul was the most important thing in life, while Aristotle believed that humans are born with a fixed amount of happiness. These two philosophers have very different ideas about how humans should live their lives and what is the purpose of life.

Comparison Between Of Plato And Aristotle 

Parameters of ComparisonPlatoAristotle
Man Plato was an ancient Greek philosopher who established his philosophy in Athens. Aristotle also studied at Athens but later moved to Macedonia. 
Became He became the tutor of Alexander the Great, who would later expand the Macedonian empire.Aristotle’s work laid the groundwork for modern science and medicine.
Approach Aristotle’s more practical approach was called empiricismPlato’s approach was called rationalism,
Believed Plato believed that everything in this world has a form or shape that can be defined using logic and reasonAristotle believed empiricism could lead to knowledge of natural law and physical objects such as plants and animals.

What Is Plato? 

Plato was born in Athens, Greece in 428 BC to aristocratic parents. He lived for 47 years, during which time he wrote many dialogues and philosophical texts.

Plato’s philosophy is mainly focused on his belief that the ideal society should be ruled by philosopher-kings who are armed with reason and knowledge. Plato argues for this ideal society by portraying an allegorical story about cave dwellers who live in ignorance, fear, and violence – only to wake up from their self-imposed ignorance once they encounter a fire that illuminates their world and then journeys upward to the light of truth.

Plato was a great philosopher who lived in Greece during the classical period of western philosophy. He is best known for his theory of the Forms, which states that there are timeless, perfect ideas of objects.

Plato’s main works are dialogues sometimes called Socratic dialogues. His most famous dialogue is Phaedo, which contains his account of what he believes happened after death.

What Is Aristotle? 

Aristotle is a Greek philosopher and scientist born in 384 BC. He is considered one of the most influential philosophers in Western history. His principles were adopted by the Romans and then eventually by Christian Europe.

He studied biology, zoology, mathematics, physics, and metaphysics. He wrote about logic and ethics, politics and aesthetics, poetry and theater, music and dance, rhetoric and literary criticism. Aristotle was the first to classify plants and animals based on their morphological features into five categories: land animals (plants), sea animals (plants), air-breathing animals (plants), water-breathing animals (plants), and nocturnal creatures (animals).

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher whose system of thought has had a long-term impact on Western thinking.

Aristotle’s philosophy is known for its emphasis on the role of rationality, logic, and critical thinking. It was an attempt to provide a systematic framework for all human knowledge- including mathematics, science, and philosophy.

Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived in the 4th century BC. He is believed to be the first philosopher who made a significant contribution to the field of philosophy.

Aristotle was born in Stagira, Chalcidice, Greece. His father Nicomachus was a doctor, his mother Phaenarete was an herbalist. Aristotle’s father died when he was two so he grew up in the home of his grandfather Nicomachus. Aristotle’s work focused mainly on three fields: physics, metaphysics, and ethics.

10 Differences Between Plato And Aristotle

View: Aristotle’s views on the world were shaped by his observations of the natural world, including the idea that nature is a vast array of different entities in constant motion. Plato figured out this idea better than Aristotle did.

Idea: Plato and Aristotle used to be friends but never agreed on anything. They both had different ideas about how people should live their life, politics, society, etc.

Opinions: The two philosophers Plato and Aristotle had different opinions on several topics. Although the two have been around for centuries, it is not until recently that we have seen many people trying to compare and contrast the two.

Studying: Aristotle believed in a Prime Mover and was more focused on studying nature and the universe, whereas Plato believed in ideas and abstract thought. They both thought that there is a true reality beyond what we can see or sense with our senses, but differed on how they handled this concept.

Quality: Plato’s idea of Forms is unlike Aristotle’s idea of Qualities – Plato saw essential qualities such as “good” or “beautiful” that existed in all objects but only one form could be associated with them while Aristotle saw them as coming from within an object itself

Emotion: Aristotle believed that there are four basic human emotions: fear, anger, disgust, and surprise. Plato, on the other hand, believes that love is the most important of those emotions.

Perception: One of the most significant differences between Plato and Aristotle is their perception of happiness. While Aristotle believes that happiness can be found in pursuing one’s passions and finding fulfillment in life through them, Plato believes that happiness is found in contemplation and contemplation only.

Philosopher: Aristotle is generally considered the father of western philosophy and was the most famous of the ancient Greek philosophers. Plato, on the other hand, was a student of Socrates and he founded a school called Platonism. Although both men were important, many differences between them make them stand out in their ways.

Character: Plato believed in the idea that everything is made up of parts and is, therefore, an illusion. He also believed in what he called “forms” which are ideas or objects with definite attributes such as justice or beauty.

Focus: Aristotle disagreed with Plato’s ideas about forms and instead focused on studying all observable things in nature. He believed that humans could understand these things by analyzing them closely and through observation.

10 Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Plato 

1. Plato was born in Athens around 427 BC

2. He studied at the Academy for forty years

3. He was not the first to introduce the idea that knowledge comes from experience and that we should avoid thinking about things without knowing anything about them

4. Plato is one of the founders of Western philosophy and he is widely regarded as one of humanity’s greatest thinkers

5. His most important contribution to Western thought is his theory on forms which argues that universals exist but they are only accessible through our senses and reason

6. Plato died in 348 BC leaving behind a written legacy consisting of around 930 dialogues, 40 letters, and 12 short stories

7. Plato’s mother died when he was an infant, so he never knew his father

8. At the age of 87, Plato died by drinking poison

9. One of his most famous works is “The Republic” which has been translated into English more than any other work in history

10. In ancient Greece, it used to be considered polite to offer your left arm to shake hands with someone 

Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Aristotle

1) Aristotle was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist who founded the field of studying nature and the physical world.

2) Aristotle’s philosophy is often said to be based on experience rather than reason, he thought that “the unexamined life is not worth living” and so studied human behavior to try to understand why people behaved as they did.

3) Aristotle was a Greek philosopher, scientist, and polymath. He was born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki on the northern coast of the Greek mainland.

4) He wrote over 400 books and letters in his lifetime and left behind extensive commentaries that have withstood the test of time to become some of the most influential works in Western intellectual history.

5) Aristotle made many important contributions to science, philosophy, politics, rhetoric, mathematics, theater, poetry.

6) Aristotle was born in 384 BC and died in 322 BC. His parents were both from the small town of Stagira when he was only a child. He wanted to pursue a military career but later switched to studying rhetoric and philosophy after seeing one of his favorite orators deliver a speech that left an impression on him.

7) Aristotle received his formal education at Plato’s Academy where he developed his philosophy of teaching-learning through conversation between teacher and

8) He was one of the first people to describe how sperm cells carry hereditary characteristics;

He is known for his work on logic called “Prior Analytics”;

9. He was one of the first people to describe how sperm cells carry hereditary characteristics;

10. He is the first person who wrote about the idea that the brain has three parts: meninges, ventricles, and cerebrum.

Conclusion About The Differences Between Plato And Aristotle

This section is an introduction to the conclusion about the differences between Plato and Aristotle.

The main difference between Plato and Aristotle is that Plato believed that humans are capable of discovering the truth by looking at reality, whereas Aristotle believed that human beings are capable of discovering truth only through experience or observation.

Plato was heavily influenced by Socrates who was a famous philosopher in Ancient Greece. Socrates championed the idea of inquiry where people search for truth through questioning one another.

Aristotle, on the other hand, was influenced by his teachers who were highly regarded as great thinkers during their time. They were called Sophists which means “the wise”. Their teachings focused on what was practical rather than theoretical truths.


1. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/plato/
2. https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aristotle/

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