Last Updated on November 4, 2021 by QCity Editorial Stuff
Differentiating between law and ethics can be difficult. It is hard to understand the boundary between the two because they are often intertwined in everyday life. Law governs what people are legally obliged to do, while ethics is more about the moral standards that govern what people ought to do.
The law deals with what is forbidden and allowed, whereas ethics deals with what is morally right or wrong.
Law varies from country to country, but the most common universal law is that of a “right” which states that all people are equal and should have their human rights protected.
Law also deals with the legality of certain actions or objects, whereas ethics deals more with how someone feels about a decision or object in question.
The law and ethics are both concepts that relate to right and wrong conduct. The key difference between the two is that one is what society deems moral or ethical while the other is what society deems legal or acceptable.
While it may seem like law and ethics go hand-in-hand, they are fundamentally different (Turley). For example, the legal obligation of a doctor does not include telling an individual that they have cancer; however, ethical considerations would require that he disclose this information to them (Turley).
Both law and ethics are important in their way, but it is important when considering them together when contrasting
Comparison Table Between Law And Ethics
|Parameters of Comparison||Law||Ethics|
|Ethics||The law deals with governance and ethics deals with moral conduct.||Law is also what protects citizens, whereas ethics is what guides citizens.|
|Behavior||Law is an institution in which the state enacts rules,||ethics are principles or values that guide an individual or collective behavior.|
|philosophy||Ethics is the moral philosophy of doing what is right for everyone’s benefit.||Law is a set of rules that govern a community or society by defining acceptable behavior and prescribing penalties for those who do not obey them.|
|Creation||Laws are rules created by a government or a society||Ethics are standards of conduct that govern human behavior.|
What Is Law?
Law is a set of rules or guidelines that are enforced through the legal system. It is also used to settle disagreements with other people, organizations, and governments.
The law deals with disputes, crimes, conduct and gives people their rights. Laws are usually enforced by governments or state agencies. The word “law” can also refer to the entire legal system within a given society, which includes the following
Law is a system that guides society by regulating behavior. It defines the rights, duties, and privileges of people within that society.
The law deals with disputes, crimes, conduct and gives people their rights. Laws are usually enforced by governments or state agencies. The word “law” can also refer to the entire legal system within a given society, which includes the following:
There are many different types of law. These include criminal law, commercial law, contract law, company law, constitutional law, environmental law, etc.
The law can be divided into two categories: public law and private law. Public law includes constitutional, administrative, criminal, and international law. Private law includes contracts, torts, property, wills & estates, commercial & business laws.
What Is Ethics?
Ethics is a branch of philosophy that concerns itself with moral behavior and moral decision-making. While there are many ways to define ethics, the most common definition is:
“Ethics is the philosophical study of how people should live their lives. Does it include such questions as What makes actions right or wrong? Should we follow society’s conventions, or do what we believe is right even if no one else will follow? Do people have to be rewarded for acting morally or can they act morally out of duty?”
Ethics can be defined as the study of good and bad, right and wrong. It refers to the standards of behavior imposed by society on its members, but also to one’s standards.
An ethical issue arises when there are two moral theories, each of which tells us how an action should be judged. An ethical dilemma occurs when we are faced with conflicting moral demands, such as when our obligations to friends conflict with our religious beliefs
There are many different kinds of ethical theories which have been created by philosophers. Three of the most popular theories are hedonism, utilitarianism, and virtue ethics. Hedonists believe that pleasure is the ultimate good, utilitarianists believe that the most ethical decision is one that maximizes happiness for everyone involved, and virtuous ethicists believe that morality should be based on what will create the most virtuous person.
Ethics is the discipline of moral principles and moral behavior.
1. It is an academic philosophy field concerned with the question of how we should live and what we morally ought to do.
2. It concerns rightness and wrongness in human conduct and the moral responsibility for acting right or wrong.
3. The term has come to be used more broadly, and now covers a range of moral principles that people may hold for guiding their actions or judgments that are often both philosophical and religious.
10 Differences Between Law And Ethics
Definitive: The law and ethics are two areas that can be difficult to differentiate between. The law is a set of rules and regulations that govern the practice of a profession, such as the medical profession. Ethics is the study of moral principles and values. There are many similarities in the two facets, but they also have their differences.
Principle: The law and ethics are not the same. The law is a set of rules created by people, to govern people. Ethics refers to “moral principles” and how we should behave like human beings. One is codified, the other is natural or inherent in us.
Rules And Regulation: The law defines what needs to be done while ethics reflects on what should be done. Ethics represent values that guide what we ought to do. The law does not account for values or morality when it comes down to making decisions about what needs to be done- the only thing it cares about is ‘what’. Ethics are not specific to any one profession, such as medical professionals
Application: Ethics do not explicitly apply to everyone, but the law does. When you break a rule of ethics you know it, but when you break a rule of law you don’t know it until someone tells you that you did something wrong or that there’s a punishment for violating that rule. You have to have done something wrong before they can punish you for breaking
Decisions: Ethics requires people to make their own decisions about what is right or wrong while the law can impose punishments on those who break the law
consequences: Law is often seen as a code of conduct you must abide by or else face consequences. Ethics, on the other hand, should be seen as something you do regardless of whether there are consequences for your actions or not.
Agreement: Law makes it possible for people to live together in society with some level of agreement about how they should behave towards each other. Ethics helps people to become better versions of themselves and their communities which in turn helps them peacefully coexist together.
Practical And Theoretical: Ethics are timeless and law is temporal. Laws are always changing while ethics are not. Ethics are practical while the law is theoretical. Law is about the letter of the law, while ethics are about what happened. Ethics depend on how you feel, but laws depend on how things were written down in the past. Law can enforce its rules, but ethics cannot enforce its rules. Ethics are more personal, while the law is more impersonal.
Decision Making: Lawyers can help clients to make good decisions by providing them with information about the law. However, they cannot advise clients on what they should do or how to behave ethically. Lawyers can only guide their clients through the legal process and help them to make ethical decisions when it comes to behavior. In contrast, lawyers are responsible for providing advice on how to conduct themselves legally in any given circumstance.
Roles: The difference between law and ethics is not always clear when considering the role of lawyers. It is an area of legal expertise that deals with the duties, moral principles, and rights involved in a legal proceeding.
Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Law
1) The United States federal law is enacted by the United States Congress, but it is generally interpreted and enforced by state and local governments.
2) Legal systems in many countries are based on the English common law, which means they are derived from decisions issued by courts of England during the Middle Ages.
3) The U.S Constitution was ratified on September 17th, 1787
4) A new constitution must be ratified to become legally binding
5) A legal document that has been put into effect or enacted
6) A legal contract that has been signed by both parties
7) A set of rules dictating what you can do within a specific society or country
8) Laws may prohibit certain actions (prohibitory laws) or mandate certain actions
9) As of 2013 there is a growth of 226% in the number of lawyers since 1960 when there were 207,000 lawyers in the US.
10) Lawyers are the third most common profession in the US with 1,062,500 lawyers nationwide.
Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Ethics
1) The average person’s attention span is 8 seconds, which is shorter than a goldfish’s.
2) There are an estimated 50-100 trillion synapses in the human brain.
3) In 2014, Google announced that it would not use AI to develop weapons or conduct surveillance.
4) In 2016, Elon Musk criticized autonomous vehicles for their lack of ethics and suggested that the cars be programmed to protect pedestrians over drivers.
5) Microsoft Research introduced an ethical chatbot on Twitter called Tay in 2016 and it was taken down after sending offensive tweets about feminism and Hitler.
6) A study published by MIT found that simulated agents had more empathy towards others than humans did after reading the same article on an emotional topic.
7) There are many different types of work ethics, such as civic virtue, place-based, and vocational.
8) Ethics is a system of moral principles or values applied to the workplace and personal life.
9) Workplace ethics is a set of moral rules that govern the professional behavior of individuals in an organization or company and can be applied to all aspects of employment including hiring decisions, salary policies, and promotions to name a few examples.
10)Workplace ethics also encompasses: truthfulness, honesty, fairness, respect for others in their personal space and property, concern for the well-being of others at work including customers and clients as well as protect the confidentiality of information
Conclusion About The Differences Between Law And Ethics
We see that law and ethics do not seem to conflict with one another. The two should work together to produce a better society for all people. Laws are made to prevent certain things from happening, while ethics are there to ensure that justice is done.
Resource 01: https://www.law.com/?slreturn=20220008143749
Resource 02: https://www.britannica.com/topic/ethics-philosophy