Differences Between Ireland and Scotland

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

Ireland and Scotland are two of the United Kingdom’s constituent countries. Although they share a common history and culture, there are some major differences between the two. For example, the Irish language is spoken in Ireland, while Scots is spoken in Scotland. Additionally, the landscape in Ireland is greener than in Scotland, and the climate is warmer. Finally, the people of Ireland are known for their friendly nature, while Scots are known for being more reserved.

In many ways, Ireland and Scotland are quite similar. Both are Celtic countries with rich histories and beautiful landscapes. But there are also some key differences between the two nations that set them apart. For example, the Scots are known for their love of whisky, while the Irish have a reputation for being friendly and welcoming. So if you’re planning on visiting one or both of these countries, make sure you know what to expect.

Comparison between Ireland and Scotland

Parameters of ComparisonIrelandScotland
CountryIreland is an independent countryScotland is one of the four constituent countries that make up the United Kingdom
SpokenThe Irish Gaelic language has been spoken in Ireland for over 2,000 yearsScots Gaelic was brought to Scotland by settlers from Ireland and Wales
CapitalThe capital city of Ireland is DublinEdinburgh is the capital city of Scotland
WhiskyGuinness originated in Dublinwhisky originated in Scotland
European unionIreland is in the European UnionScotland isn’t

What is Ireland?

Ireland is a small, but diverse country located in Western Europe. Though it has a population of just over 4.5 million, Ireland is home to a variety of landscapes and experiences. From its bustling cities to its quiet villages, there is much to see and do in Ireland. Whether you’re interested in visiting ancient castles or exploring the countryside, there’s something for everyone in Ireland.

Most people know that Ireland is a country, but what else is there to know about it? Well, for one, the official name of the country is “Ireland” and not “Northern Ireland” or any other variation. Secondly, the currency used in Ireland is the Euro. And lastly, while Ireland is considered a small country in terms of landmass, it is home to over six million people! With such a large population, there’s plenty of culture and diversity to be explored in this Emerald Isle.

Differences Between Ireland and Scotland

What is Scotland?

Scotland is a country that is located in the northern part of the United Kingdom. It covers an area of about 78,772 square kilometers and has a population of about 5.4 million people. The country has a rich history and culture that attracts visitors from all over the world. Edinburgh, Glasgow, and Dundee are just some of the most popular tourist destinations in Scotland. There are also many interesting places to visit outside of the major cities. If you’re planning a trip to Scotland, here are some tips on what to see and do.

Scotland is a country located in north-western Europe. The country is made up of the mainland of Scotland and over 790 islands, including the Inner and Outer Hebrides, Islay, Jura, Skye, and Mull. The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh, while Glasgow is the largest city. Scotland has a population of just over 5 million people and the official languages are English and Scottish Gaelic. Although part of the United Kingdom, Scotland retains its own distinct cultural identity.

Differences Between Ireland and Scotland

10 Differences Between Ireland and Scotland

1. Ireland is an independent country while Scotland is one of the four constituent countries that make up the United Kingdom.

2. The Irish Gaelic language has been spoken in Ireland for over 2,000 years while Scots Gaelic was brought to Scotland by settlers from Ireland and Wales.

3. The capital city of Ireland is Dublin while Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland.

4. Guinness originated in Dublin but Scotch whisky originated in Scotland. 

5. six counties in Northern Ireland belong to both the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom, which makes it unique among other countries where borders are drawn between them. 

6. One-third of all English speakers live in either England or America, making it a global language whereas Irish does not have as many native speakers outside its home country.

7. Ireland is in the European Union while Scotland isn’t.

8. Irish people speak Gaelic and Scottish people speak Scots.

9. The majority of Irish citizens are Catholic while most Scottish citizens are Protestant.

10. Ireland has a warmer climate than Scotland, with average summer temperatures around 18°C (65°F) and winter temperatures averaging 8°C (46°F). 

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Ireland

1. Ireland is one of the most expensive countries in the world.

2. The Irish are avid readers, with over half of them reading at least one book per year.

3. There are currently more than 3 million people living in Ireland.

4. Guinness was first brewed by Arthur Guinness on St Patrick’s Day 1759.

5. One-third of all Irish citizens live abroad – that’s 2 million people. 

6. Over 70% of workers work less than 40 hours a week.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Scotland

1. Scotland celebrated its 1,000 year anniversary in 2008.

2. The Loch Ness Monster is rumored to live in the Scottish lake of that name.

3. Edinburgh Castle is one of the most popular attractions in Scotland.

4. The Isle of Skye has a population of only 14,000 people and covers an area as large as Belgium and Luxembourg combined.

5. Glasgow was ranked among the top ten cities with the best quality of life  by Monocle Magazine.

6. There are more sheep than people living in rural areas throughout Scotland.


Scotland is a country in the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with England to the south and is otherwise surrounded by sea. The capital city of Scotland is Edinburgh. -Ireland is an island to the west of Great Britain that has been politically divided into two separate jurisdictions: Northern Ireland, which forms part of the United Kingdom, and the Republic of Ireland (or Éire), which covers five-sixths of its territory but belongs to neither political entity. Dublin serves as both nations’ capital for economic purposes although Belfast remains their largest population center.


Resource 01: https://www.ireland.com/en/
Resource 02: https://www.visitscotland.com/

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