Differences Between Fascism And Communism

Last Updated on November 14, 2021 by QCity Editorial Stuff

The word “communism” is often used to describe any society that is controlled by the government, but there are many differences between communism and fascism. Fascism is a type of political system in which citizens give up some civil liberties in favor of having strong nationalistic beliefs. Communism, on the other hand, has no concept of nationalism or patriotism, instead of focusing on equality for all members of society. This can be seen when examining how each country treats its citizens with disabilities; in fascist countries like Germany during WWII, disabled people were sent off to concentration camps while communist countries like China allow disabled citizens equal opportunity as everyone else.

Many people believe that fascism and communism are the same things, but this couldn’t be further from the truth. Even though they both have their fair share of similarities, there is one major difference between these two political ideologies: opposing economic systems. While communism is an economic system in which everyone receives a salary based on how much work they contribute to society, fascism can best be described as an authoritarian political ideology where business owners keep control of the means of production while giving up some power to government officials who act as representatives for national interests. This article will explore all differences between fascism and communism so you’ll never confuse them again.

Fascism is often thought of as a more extreme version of communism. However, there are many differences between the two ideologies that make them distinctly unique. Both these political systems have caused much controversy throughout history and continue to influence politics today. 

Fascism focuses on the concept of nationalism, while communism focuses on internationalism – this causes some fundamental differences in how each system approaches economics and society at large. Fascists believe that capitalism has failed, but socialism will not work either; they argue for corporatism (favoring private enterprise) within an authoritarian government structure (an example would be Italy under Mussolini). Communists argue against both private enterprise and public ownership; instead, they advocate state-owned enterprises run by workers’ councils or cooperatives.

Comparison Between Fascism And Communism

Parameters of ComparisonFascismCommunism
Control By government By production
Emphasize On politics On goods 
Right people have equal rights to things like food and sheltersome people have more rights than others depending on their economic status.
Ideology Fascism is a right-wing ideologycommunism is left-wing

What Is Fascism? 

“Fascism is the authoritarian nationalist ideology of a totalitarian society.” Fascism has been around for centuries, but it first became prominent in Europe after World War I with the rise of Mussolini and Hitler. It was used by these two dictators to establish an autocratic regime that would control all aspects of life: economy, foreign policy, education, and even private lives. A fascist government controls most or all economic activity and so fascistic regimes oppose free markets and democracy. Fascists believe in social Darwinism – survival of the fittest – which led them to promote war as a way to bring about national rejuvenation through conquest.

The term ‘fascism’ is often used to describe regimes, such as Nazi Germany and Mussolini’s Italy, where the state holds total power over the people. But what does fascism mean? The word comes from Italian fascism which means “forceful or violent action” and was first used in 1914 by Benito Mussolini and his fascist group, who believed that war could unite a country. Fascism places blame on individuals for social problems like poverty. It also seeks to purge society of any groups seen as outside of traditional values – including Jews, blacks, socialists, and communists – through imprisonment or death. We all need to be aware of this dangerous ideology so we can work together towards a more just world.

Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian nationalism that came to prominence in Italy and Nazi Germany during the 1920s. It has been defined as “a form of political behavior marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation or victimhood and by compensatory cults of unity, energy, and purity, in which a mass-based party of committed nationalist militants, working in uneasy but effective collaboration with traditional elites, abandons democratic liberties and pursues with redemptive violence and without ethical or legal restraints goals of internal cleansing and external expansion.”  In the early 21st century fascism is often associated with racist groups who have used terrorism for achieving their means. The word ‘fascism’ comes from the Italian word fascia.

What Is Communism?

Communism is a political theory that seeks to abolish private property, social classes, and the state. It was first conceptualized by Karl Marx in 1848 with his famous Manifesto of the Communist Party. In it, he argued for a society where everything was held in common ownership and that class divisions would be eliminated through laboring together to produce goods and services. This idea has been around since antiquity but Marx made some very cogent arguments about how this could be achieved in modern-day society. 

Communism remains one of our most popular economic theories today even though many argue against its merits because it promotes equality over individual liberty which many believe is a necessity for an advanced capitalist economy like ours to function well. 

What is communism? Communism is a political ideology and economic system in which the means of production are owned by the community as opposed to an individual or company. The idea behind communism is that no one should be rich while others starve, so all people have equal access to resources and wealth. 

Communism can take on different forms depending on what type of society it’s being applied to – for example, North Korea practices what could be considered “pure” communism, where everyone has almost nothing and social classes don’t exist. On the other hand, China has a communist government but capitalism within its borders due to its capitalist economy developing alongside it since Deng Xiaoping set out his reforms in 1978.

Communism is a system of government where the means of production are owned by the people. It emphasizes equality and rejects private property. As a result, all citizens have an equal say in how their society operates. The first communist state was founded in Russia under Lenin’s leadership after the Russian Revolution in 1917. There are many other examples of countries that use communism as their form of government, including China and Cuba.

10 Differences Between Fascism And Communism

Control: Communism is a system of government where the state controls all property and means of production.

Political Ideology: Fascism is a political ideology that emphasizes the importance of national unity, social order, and strong leadership.

Degree: In fascism, there are many classes with varying degrees in power.

Support: Under communism, people have equal rights to things like food and shelter.

Economy: Under fascism, some people have more rights than others depending on their economic status.

Ideology: Fascism is a right-wing ideology, while communism is left-wing.

Class: Communism focuses on a classless society, while fascism promotes social hierarchy.

Corporatism: Fascism supports corporatism, which means that the government and corporations are closely linked together.

Ownership: Communism supports state ownership of production facilities, whereas fascism does not support this idea at all.

Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Fascism

1. Fascism is a political ideology that advocates for totalitarian government with strong centralized power

2. Mussolini’s original name was Benito Amilcar Andrea Fascistic.

3. The word “fascism” derives from the Latin word fascia, meaning a bundle of sticks used as a symbol of authority and unity by ancient Romans.

4. The Italian term fascismo in turn derives from fasces Vittorio, which means “bundle of rods,” or possibly from fasces itself.

5. In Italy, the terms fascism and fascista are not commonly used to describe themselves politically but instead usually called Nazionalismo (nationalist) or Lotta di Classe (class struggle)

6. In Germany, Nazis were initially called National Socialists until Hitler changed their name to reflect his views on what he wanted the party to represent.

7. Fascism is a type of radical authoritarian nationalism.

8. The word fascism comes from the Italian word fascio, which means group, bundle, or league,

9. Benito Mussolini was an Italian politician and leader of the National Fascist Party who ruled Italy as Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943.

10. Adolf Hitler was a German dictator that led Germany into World War II and killed over 11 million people in concentration camps during his reign.

Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Communism

1. The Soviet Union was the first communist country.

2. Communism is an economic system where everything is shared equally among people in a society.

3. Communist countries have been successful at providing healthcare and education to their citizens.

4. Communist countries have also had success with low poverty rates, high life expectancy, and low levels of inequality.

5. Countries that are considered “communist” today include China, Cuba, North Korea, Laos, Vietnam, Venezuela. 

6. There are many different types of communism – Marxian communism focuses on classless societies while Leninism focuses on state ownership over capital goods.

7. There is no official religion in communist countries.

8. The word “communism” is derived from the Latin communes, which means “shared,” and the French word commune, meaning a community or municipality.

9. Communism was first proposed by Karl Marx in 1848 with his publication of the Communist Manifesto.

10. Some argue that communism has never been fully implemented because it requires a complete overhaul of existing institutions and social structures. 

Conclusion About The Differences Between Fascism And Communism

Fascism is a form of extreme nationalism. It comes from the Latin word fasces, meaning bundle or stick; it was originally used to describe how Fascists placed their hands together in gestures of loyalty and obedience. The term originated with Benito Mussolini’s Italian fascist movement after World War I (1914-18). A totalitarian dictatorship led by one individual or group that suppresses opposition through terror and censorship is called fascism. Examples include Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler (1933-1945) and Francoist Spain under Francisco Franco (1936-1975).  -Communism on the other hand has its origins as early as 1848 when Karl Marx published “The Communist Manifesto.” In this work, he predicted that capitalism would eventually be destroyed by its ills, which would open the door for a new classless society called communism. Communism is based on equality and fairness where all property is owned by the community as a whole and each person works as hard as they can without fearing it will be exploited by others. 


Resource 01: https://www.livescience.com/57622-fascism.html
Resource 02: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Communism

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