Differences Between Fascism And Nazism

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

Nazism and Fascism are both political ideologies that were founded in the early 20th century. Both of these movements were based on extreme nationalism, militarism, dictatorship, and state control over the economy. However, there are distinct differences between Nazism and Fascism. The first difference is how they view Jews. While Nazi racism was directed towards all races including Jews, Italians, Slavs, etc., fascism tended to be more exclusive against only certain races or groups of people. The second difference is that while Nazism was a far-right-wing movement that drew inspiration from German philosophers like Nietzsche who espoused anti-egalitarian views; Fascists were proponents of national syndicalist economic practices which allowed workers to participate in management decisions within their place of work. Nazi support of the German military and Italian Fascists using violence to achieve their goals are other major differences between Fascism and Nazism.

The idea of fascism is not new, it has been around for a long time. The word “fascism” comes from the Italian words fascia meaning bundle or group and facere meaning to do. It was originally used in ancient Rome to refer to a political coalition of groups that supported the Roman Republic against an authoritarian dictatorship. In more recent times, fascism refers to any ideology that seeks complete control over people’s lives. Nazism is one type of fascism but there are many others as well including communism, socialism, social democracy, corporate liberalism, and conservatism. 

Fascism can be identified by its disregard for individual rights and freedoms with emphasis on economic prosperity through state-controlled industries; national unity under strong central leadership; militaristic cultures emphasizing obedience, courage, and self-sacrifice; mass mobilizations involving spectacle, elaborate pageants, and marches accompanied by discipline enforced by harsh sanctions.

Comparison Between Fascism And Nazism

Parameters of ComparisonFascismNazism
System Fascism is an economic system that supports the interests of big businesses and capitalistsNazism is a political ideology that promotes nationalism.
Beliefs Fascism believes in total state controlNazism believes in “Lebensraum” (living space) for Germans
Word The word fascism comes from the Italian word fascio, meaning group or bundleNazi comes from Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers Party)
Corporatism Fascists believe in corporatismNazis believe in socialism.
Antisemitic Fascists are not anti-SemiticNazis were anti-Semitic.

What Is Fascism?

What Is Fascism

Fascism is a term that can be used to describe different types of regimes based on varying definitions. In the early 20th century, fascism was associated with totalitarian dictatorships and extreme nationalism. The word “fascism” comes from “fasces”, which are an ancient Roman symbol for strength through unity or power, made up of sticks bundled together around an ax handle. 

Fascist ideology promotes the creation of a single-party state and economic system controlled by national leaders, as well as promoting militaristic values and expansionism. It’s important to note that fascism does not have one specific definition because it has been used to describe so many different types of states throughout history; however, there are some commonalities among those who were considered fascist.

Fascism is a political ideology that was most popular in the 20th century. It views nationalism and totalitarianism as an ideology of the extreme right. Fascists believe there should be a “natural” hierarchy among people, which requires some groups to dominate others. They also want society to have a single national identity with one culture and language, no matter what their ethnicity or race is. 

Fascists often use violence against opponents or governments that they see as threatening them or their beliefs. This includes using physical violence such as attacking protesters, opposing politicians, minorities, and immigrants; it can also include spreading fake news on social media sites like Facebook to sway voters’ opinions about certain issues before elections take place; this type of fake news is called dd “dezinformatsiya.”

What Is Nazism?

Nazism is a political philosophy with the central belief that Germans are superior to all other races. The Nazi Party was led by Adolf Hitler and used propaganda as a tool for gaining support from the German people. In 1933, after being named chancellor of Germany, Hitler seized power in a coup d’état and then began World War II by invading Poland in 1939. Over 20 million people died during this war, including over six million Jews who were targeted specifically because they were Jewish according to the Nazis’ racist ideology. After WWII ended in 1945 Nazism became an international symbol of evil.

Nazism, derived from the German Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP), is a political ideology that rose to prominence in Germany during the 1930s. The term Nazi stands for National Socialist and was first used by opponents of Adolf Hitler’s party who were trying to associate it with fascism. Although there are many similarities between Nazism and fascism, there are also some key differences. For example, while fascists believe that liberal democracy should be replaced by an authoritarian government led by a single strong leader without opposition or checks on their power; Nazis believed that this type of system would only work if they had complete control over both politics and society as well as having full support from all sections of society including workers.

10 Differences Between Fascism And Nazism

System: Fascism is an economic system that supports the interests of big businesses and capitalists while Nazism is a political ideology that promotes nationalism.

Believes: Fascism believes in total state control while Nazism believes in “Lebensraum” (living space) for Germans.

Word: The word fascism comes from the Italian word fascio, meaning group or bundle while Nazi comes from Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers Party).

Corporatism: Fascists believe in corporatism while Nazis believe in socialism. 

Anti-Semitic: Fascists are not anti-Semitic but Nazis were anti-Semitic.

Economy: Fascist economies are based on free trade but Nazi economies were based on protectionist policies.

Technology: Fascism is a right-wing ideology, while Nazism is a left-wing ideology.

Control: In fascism, the state has complete control over the economy and society, while in Nazism there was more of an emphasis on racial purity.

Anti-communist: Fascists are anti-communist, while Nazis were pro-communist.

Party: The Nazi party was much larger than the Fascist party.

Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Fascism

1. Fascism is a political ideology that supports the totalitarian dictatorship of a single individual.

2. The term “fascism” was first used in 1919 by Benito Mussolini, who founded Italy’s fascist party.

3. In 1928, Mussolini became the youngest Prime Minister in Italian history.

4. When Hitler came to power, he transformed Germany into a fascist state and began World War II.

5. Fascists believe that one race is superior to all others and should be given total control over society.

6. As fascists gained more power during WWII they were able to start their armed forces, called Waffen-SS units.

Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of Nazism

1. Nazism was a political ideology based on racism and extreme nationalism.

2. The Nazis were the National Socialist German Workers Party or Nazi Party for short.

3. Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of Germany in 1933 and President in 1934.

4. In 1939, the Gestapo (secret police) rounded up nearly 13,000 Polish Jews and sent them to concentration camps.

5. By 1945, there were about 1 million prisoners in Auschwitz.

6. Hitler’s goal was to cleanse Germany of all “inferior” races.

Conclusion About The Differences Between Fascism And Nazism

The differences between fascism and Nazism: Fascism is a political ideology that seeks to create an authoritarian state, whereas Nazism is the name of Hitler’s fascist regime. The two ideologies differ in their approach to how they would like this new society to be structured; Nazi Germany was highly centralized under one leader (Hitler), while Italian fascism advocated for a more decentralized government with many leaders. In addition, Adolf Hitler’s twisted version of National Socialism focused on anti-Semitism as its primary motivating factor, while Mussolini believed his brand of socialism should focus instead on nationalism and patriotism.


Resource 01: https://www.livescience.com/57622-fascism.html
Resource 02: https://www.ushmm.org/learn/holocaust/path-to-nazi-genocide/chapter-1/aftermath-of-world-war-i-and-the-rise-of-nazism-1918-1933

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