Differences between Monarchy vs Dictatorship

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

The monarchy and dictatorship are two different types of government. Monarchs have a hereditary right to rule while dictators can be elected or take power by force. Dictatorships usually have one person, the dictator, who controls all aspects of society including political, military, and judicial spheres. In contrast, monarchies may have either a single ruling line or multiple lines that share power in some way. Monarchs also control these three spheres but do not necessarily control them with an iron fist like dictatorial regimes. 

A kingdom, like the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, is ruled by a monarch. A dictator is someone who rules with absolute power. The monarchy can be traced back to William the Conqueror in 1066 when he seized the crown from King Harold II by force. Monarchs are typically not hereditary but instead are chosen for their lineage or ability to rule, whereas dictators often come into power through a coup d’état where they take control of a country’s military and political institutions. 

Comparison between Monarchy and Dictatorship

Parameters of Comparison  MonarchyDictatorship
SystemMonarchy usually has a parliament that advises the monarchDictatorship does not have an established system of succession and may also involve rule by military leaders
OverthrownCan not overthrowCan overthrow
ControlMonarchy is hereditary, while dictatorship can be inherited or achieved through force.The government is a dictatorship that typically controls all aspects of life including media, education, and religion.
PowerLess powerMore power
Accountable and responsibleMore accountable and responsibleLess accountable and responsible

What is Monarchy?

Monarchy is a form of government in which the ruler holds absolute power. A monarch may also be called a king, queen, emperor, or empress. They are typically crowned by either their predecessor or an elected representative. Monarchs are generally born into royalty but can also be granted their position through heredity or marriage to another royal family member. Despite being given total authority, monarchs do not rule alone and must share power with other individuals such as parliament members and ministers who advise them on matters related to governance.

The term monarchy comes from two Greek words meaning “one” and “power” meaning that this type of governance has one ruler with supreme power over their subjects. While not all monarchies are alike, some common features include that they have hereditary rulers, limited political power for citizens (such as voting), and oftentimes many palaces owned by the royal family. There are three types of monarchies: absolute, constitutional, and hybrid; each having different amounts of ruling power given to their leaders. 

annie spratt kyiyaBGU UI unsplash 1

What is Dictatorship?

A dictatorship is a form of government where power is concentrated in the hands of one person who rules with absolute authority. The word “dictator” was coined by the Romans, and it means “one who dictates.” Dictatorships are common throughout history, especially among totalitarian regimes. Some dictators have been benevolent while others have wielded their power to oppress and kill their citizens. This article will explain how dictators take control, what they do once in power, and why there are still many dictators today even though so many countries around the world now operate as democracies. 

A dictatorship is an authoritarian form of government in which the ruler has absolute power and often uses it to suppress dissent. A dictator may not be accountable to any other person, institution, or branch of government. Dictatorship is a type of autocracy – meaning rule by one person with unlimited authority, as opposed to monarchism or tyranny where there is some degree of limited monarchy. The word “dictator” comes from the Latin dictate, meaning to dictate.

pyae sone htun 8RMZqdR79qM unsplash 1

10 Differences between Monarchy and Dictatorship

1. In a monarchy, the king or queen is considered to be divinely appointed and all power is inherited.

2. Monarchy usually has a parliament that advises the monarch.

3. Dictatorship does not have an established system of succession and may also involve rule by military leaders.

4. A dictator can be overthrown if there are enough public protests against them.

5. The government in a dictatorship typically controls all aspects of life including media, education, and religion.

6. In a dictatorship, citizens have no say in how their country is governed.

7. Monarchy is hereditary, while dictatorship can be inherited or achieved through force.

8. Monarchs are not accountable to the people; dictators are responsible to the people.

9. A monarch’s power comes from their position; a dictator wields total control over all aspects of society.

10. Monarchies have formal titles that represent each member’s rank in society, while dictatorships do not have any sort of title system.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Monarchy

1. The word “monarchy” comes from the Greek words “mono” and “ark”, meaning one ruler.

2. The oldest monarchy in Egypt, which was established in 3150 BC.

3. There are currently 34 countries with monarchies, including Andorra, Bahrain, Belgium, Denmark, Jordan, and Thailand.

4. Queen Elizabeth II has been reigning for 63 years since her coronation on June 2nd, 1953. 

5. A king or queen’s first name is usually not the same as their actual first name but instead a title that they have earned due to some feat of valor or success on behalf of their country; an example is Queen Elizabeth II who was named after her mother (Elizabeth I).

6. In Britain there are two types of monarchs – those who inherit the throne by birthright and those who ascend to it through marriage; examples include Prince Charles (inherited), Prince Harry (ascended through marriage).

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Dictatorship

1. The word “dictator” comes from the Latin word dictator, which means one who dictates.

2. All dictators are authoritarian rulers with total control over their country’s government and society.

3. Dictatorship is different than tyranny because it can be established by bloodless revolution or without military force, but many times it is accompanied by violence and terror to maintain power.

4. There have been approximately 100 dictatorships throughout history that have lasted for more than 30 years each (according to the Uppsala University).

5. According to Forbes magazine, there are currently at least 20 dictators still in power around the world today – most notably North Korea’s Kim Jong-un and Syria’s Bashar Al-Assad.

6. Most of these 20 dictators were democratically elected into the office before they became dictatorial leaders – including Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Vladimir Putin, Muammar Gaddafi, Saddam Hussein, Manuel Noriega, and Hosni Mubarak. 

7) A dictatorship typically ends when a new leader takes over through either coup d’etat or popular uprising.

8) Of course not all countries that use autocratic rule call themselves dictatorship; some countries refer to themselves as authoritarian.


In conclusion, North Carolina and South Carolina are both great states to live in. They have a lot of things about them that make each state unique from the other. From their geography to even how they celebrate holidays, these two states couldn’t be more different! This blog post has been a great overview of what makes these two neighboring American States so special. Hopefully, you’ve learned something new today by reading this article and we hope it’s inspired you to find out more about NC or SC for yourself.

The two main types of government are monarchy and dictatorship. The only difference is that in a democracy, the people have some power to decide who rules them while monarchies are passed down by bloodlines or through an election process. Monarchs can do whatever they want without any checks on their power. Dictatorships also lack transparency with no say from the general population for how things should be run but there’s at least one dictator involved instead of just one ruler like in a monarchy so this often leads to more civil wars than if it were strictly ruled by royalty alone.


Resource 01: https://www.royal.uk/role-monarchy
Resource 02: https://worldpopulationreview.com/country-rankings/dictatorship-countries

Scroll to Top