Differences between Democracy and Communism

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

There are many differences between Democracy and Communism. Democracy is an ideology that promotes the idea of equality and freedom for everyone, but this is not true for communism. Communists promote a classless society and believe in the idea of communal ownership over private property. While democracy involves the citizens of a ruler voting for their president or representative to represent them in parliament, communism has leaders who rule through an authoritarian dictatorship.

In a democratic society, the government is elected by the people and designed to work for them while communist countries are ruled by a dictator with little to no input from the people. In a democracy, citizens have a say in what goes on in their country while force and fear are used in a communist regime. Citizens of democracies enjoy the freedom of speech and religion, whereas, in communist countries, it is illegal to speak out against the government or religion.

The differences between Democracy and Communism are vast. While both of these ideologies are forms of government, their philosophies are vastly different. Communism is an economic system in which all the means of production are owned together by the people of a society, either as collectives or more collectively through the common ownership of the state. Democracy, on the other hand, refers to a form of government that is regulated by democratic principles or governmental rule grounded in the consent of the people.

Comparison between Democracy and Communism

Parameters of Comparison    DemocracyCommunism  
SystemDemocracy is not a totalitarian systemCommunism is a totalitarian system
EconomyCommunism is based on a planned economyDemocracy is based on a market economy
ProtectedDemocracy they areIn communism, the rights of the individual are not protected by the state
LifeWhereas, in democracy, the state only regulates economic activityCommunism is a system where the state aspires to control almost all aspects of public and private life


What is Democracy?

The word democracy comes from the Greek words demos and Kratos, meaning to rule for the people. Democracy is a form of government where all citizens have equal rights and members of society who are not part of the governing process do not suffer discrimination. It is a system that has been practiced by civilizations such as ancient Greece and Rome, despite them being considered non-democratic during their periods. The history of democratic practices suggests it is an idea worth keeping alive.

What is democracy? Many people may think of democracy as a system of government where citizens vote on the law, but this is only partially true. Democracy can be defined as “a system of social organization in which all members of society are entitled to participate equally, either directly or through elected representatives, in the making decisions about its economic, political, and social institutions.” The idea that anyone can participate is what makes a democracy different from other forms of government.

So, what is democracy? In a democratic society, people have the right to vote, and all citizens have an equal say in how their government operates. For many countries around the world, this means electing a president or prime minister every four or five years. If they don’t like how things are going in their country, they can elect another person who promises change. But in a democratic country, it’s the citizen who gets to decide what that change looks like.

Differences between Democracy and Communism

What is Communism?

Communism is a form of government in which the production and distribution of goods, services, and property are handled collectively. In a communist society, there is no private ownership of any means of production. This means that the labor force, capital, natural resources, and everything else required to produce can be shared by all people equally. The goal of communism is complete equality in every way so that there are no class distinctions or social hierarchies.

Communism is an economic system in which all property is owned by the country and there is no private ownership. The central government decides what goods are produced, how goods are distributed, and how much of them there will be. Communism was first used during the Russian Revolution by Vladimir Lenin in his book “The State and Revolution”.

Differences between Democracy and Communism

6 Differences between Democracy and Communism

1. The most significant difference between communism and democracy is that communism is a totalitarian system, whereas democracy is not.

2. Communism is based on a planned economy, whereas democracy is based on a market economy.

3. In communism, the rights of the individual are not protected by the state, whereas in democracy they are.

4. Communism is a system where the state aspires to control almost all aspects of public and private life, whereas, in democracy, the state only regulates economic activity.

5. Communism is based on the idea that the state is always right, whereas, in democracy, the state is just one of the many political players.

6. In communism, the state is the ultimate source of legitimacy and moral authority, whereas in democracy.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Democracy

1. Democracy is the most widely used system of government.

2. It is often thought to be synonymous with freedom and liberty.

3. The term “democracy” is used for different types of political systems.

4. The definition of democracy is often debated.

5. Every democracy includes a system of checks and balances to avoid the abuse of power.

6. In a democracy, the people are the government.

7. The vote is the cornerstone of democracy.

8. The number of votes varies from country to country.

9. 70% of the world’s population lives under a democracy.

10. Of 225 sovereign countries in the world, 166 are democracies.

Interesting Statistics or Facts of Communism?

1.   Communism is a political ideology.

2.  It is based on bringing the working class into power.

3.  It is an economic and political system.

4.  The Soviet Union and China were the first countries to implement the ideology.

5.  Communism is a popular political ideology for the working class.

6.  It has been popular in some European countries.

7.  It was popular in the 20th century.

8.  It has been criticized by some people.


In conclusion, the differences between democracy and communism are clear. Communism is not a democratic form of government because it has no rule of law, equal representation for all citizens, or equality in the economy. Democracy, on the other hand, is a type of government in which all citizens have an equal voice in how to make decisions about governing their country.
Democracy values equality in the economy and the power each citizen has to shape their destiny.


Resource 01: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democracy
Resource 02: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/communism.asp

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