Differences Between China And India

Last Updated on March 19, 2022 by QCity Editorial Stuff

India and China are two of the largest countries in the world, with India having a population of over 1 billion people and China being home to nearly 1.4 billion citizens. While both nations have similar populations, they differ greatly when it comes to their economic status, political systems, languages spoken throughout their country, religions practiced by its citizens, and other factors that contribute to each nation’s unique culture. 

China and India are both huge countries with a lot of differences between them. But there is one thing they do have in common: the population. China has 1,373,918,836 people and India has 1,311,384,422 people living inside their borders. With so many people crammed into these countries, it can be difficult for leaders to meet everyone’s needs while also maintaining order. This blog post will explore some of the more obvious ways that China and India differ from each other as well as what makes them similar despite their immense size difference. 

Comparison Between China And India

Parameters of ComparisonChinaIndia
Population More population Less population than china 
Area China’s land area is 9,600,000 square kilometersIndia’s land area is 3,200,000 square kilometers
Literacy rate The literacy rates in China are 90% and 73% for males and femaleswhereas the literacy rates in India are 74% for males and 64% for females
Lifespan Chinese citizens have an average lifespan of 76 yearsIndian citizens have an average lifespan of 68 years old
Poverty 830 million people live below the poverty line in ChinaChina whereas around 270 million people live below the poverty line in India.

What Is China?

What Is China

China, officially the People’s Republic of China is a sovereign state in East Asia and the world’s most populous country. It is governed by the Communist Party of China (CPC). The PRC has been subject to one of the longest periods of continuous economic growth in history, with an average annual GDP growth rate of 9.5% over 30 years. 

The system it follows is socialism with Chinese characteristics. China was a poor country until reforms were instituted in 1978 and opened its doors to foreign investment and trade through Special Economic Zones (SEZs). Since then, it has become one of the fastest-growing economies in both nominal terms and per capita terms when compared to other countries at similar levels of development. In 2008.

China is a country of more than 1.4 billion people, with the population being about 23% of the world’s total. China is also known for its silk, tea, and rice production. It has an estimated per capita GDP of $8,000 USD in 2018 according to the World Bank. 

China has one international airport that handles most international flights into Beijing or Shanghai, but it does have five other regional airports handling domestic flights within China. The currency used there is called Renminbi (CNY). 

The capital city of China is Beijing which includes Tiananmen Square where Mao Zedong proclaimed the founding of the People’s Republic on October 1st, 1949 after victory over Chiang Kai-shek’s nationalists in 194.5

What Is India?

What Is India

India is a country with many different cultures, languages, traditions, and religions. It has the second-largest population in the world after China. Its population is so large that it would be considered one of the most populous countries in the world if it was independent. India’s history goes back thousands of years to when civilizations first formed along its rivers and coastlines. Hinduism is currently practiced by 80% of Indians today but there are other major religions including Islam (13%), Christianity (2%) Sikhism (1%), Buddhism (0.7%). There are also many languages spoken throughout India which include Hindi, Bengali, Marathi, Gujarati among others; however English has become an official language since 1991 making it easier for people to communicate across India. India’s currency is called Indian Rupees (INR).

India is a country that has an immensely rich history. It was the birthplace of four major world religions, and it’s home to over 1.2 billion people who speak hundreds of different languages. The diversity in India is staggering, which can be seen through its cuisine, literature, music, dance forms, and many more aspects of culture.

10 Comparison Between China And India

1. China is the world’s most populous country with 1.4 billion people, India has a population of about 1.3 billion.

2. China’s land area is 9,600,000 square kilometers while India’s land area is 3,200,000 square kilometers.

3. The literacy rates in China are 90% and 73% for males and females respectively whereas the literacy rates in India are 74% for males and 64% for females.

4. Chinese citizens have an average lifespan of 76 years old while Indian citizens have an average lifespan of 68 years old. 

5. With regard to education levels, more than half (56%) of Indians over the age of 25 had completed secondary school or higher education compared with only one-third (33%) of Chinese adults. 

6. About 830 million people live below the poverty line in China whereas around 270 million people live below the poverty line in India.

7. While there are no official statistics on religion in either country it is estimated that 80%-90% percent of Indians believe Hinduism as their religion whereas less than 10% percent believe this to be true for the Chinese population.

8. Around 20 million women were raped during World War II by Japanese soldiers but not.

9. China is a one-party system, India has many parties.

10. English is an official language of India, but not in China.

Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of China 

1. China is the world’s most populous country with 1.4 billion citizens.

2. Beijing, Shanghai, and Shenzhen are the three largest cities in China.

3. The Chinese alphabet has over 50,000 characters.

4. The Great Wall of China was built to protect against invading Mongolians. 

5. Mandarin is spoken by more than a billion people worldwide. 

6. Ninety-nine percent of Chinese children attend school for at least nine years.

Interesting Statistics Or Facts Of India

1. India is the second-most populous country in the world.

2. India has a population of over 1.3 billion people, which is more than that of China and Indonesia combined.

3. The Indian economy has been growing at a steady rate, with an annual growth rate of 7-8% since 2000.

4. The total number of Internet users in India was estimated to be about 350 million as of September 2017. 

5. Indians use their mobile phones for social media and entertainment more than any other country on Earth.

6. As many as 80% of internet users in urban areas have access to broadband speeds greater than 4 Mbps, while only 10% do so outside urban areas.

Conclusion About The Differences Between China and India

China is more tech-savvy than India. They are also less likely to use their smartphones on public transportation, while Indians do this on a regular basis. This means that China has better access to information and can avoid distractions in the workplace by using laptops or desktops instead of phones. When it comes down to mobile usage, both countries have seen an increase in smartphone sales since 2016 with 5% yearly growth for Chinese consumers and a 7% yearly growth for Indian consumers. One thing that does vary between these two markets is the number of people who subscribe to 4G services which currently stands at 40 million for China but only 6 million for India. As soon as there’s enough money, internet speeds will get faster so we can expect some major changes.


Resource 01: https://english.www.gov.cn/
Resource 02: http://www.india.gov.in/

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